Army Airplane Drawings
A silver Fairchild-built PT-23 with 220hp Continental Radial engine and 1942-43 star markings.

THE Fairchild M-62, which was the U.S. Army PT-19, was one of several successful entrants in a 1939 competition for new Army primary trainers and, with another winner, the Ryan ST-A (PT-16), it introduced monoplane primary trainers to the Army.

The PT-19 had a welded steel-tube fuselage with ply-wood-covered wooden wing and fixed tail surfaces, and fabric covering for fuselage and control surfaces. Its initial powerplant was the 175hp inverted, six-cylinder, air-cooled Ranger L-440-1 engine. Because of the low-wing configuration, a stout steel turnover pylon was built between the two open cockpits.

The initial 1939 order for 270 PT-19s was soon supplemented by orders for 3,702 PT-19AS with 200hp L-440-3 engines and 917 PT-19BS equipped for instrument train ing. The demand for PT-19As was more than Fairchild could handle, so the work was split up. Fairchild built 3,181 PT-19A-FAS, Aeronca (-AE) built 477 and St. Louis (-SL) built 44. Aeronca also built 143 PT-19Bs; Fairchild built 774.

As a hedge against a shortage of Ranger engines, the 220hp Continental R-670-4 radial engine was substituted in two PT-23s that were built by Fairchild, 375 by Aeronca, 199 by Howard (-HO), 200 by St. Louis and 93 by Fleet Aircraft in Canada (-FE).

Under the Lend-Lease Program of March 1941, the U.S. Army provided British Empire forces with a winterized version of the PT-19A, which was designated PT-26. Fairchild built 670 as Cornell I;

Fleet built 807 as Cornell II. Fleet built a further 250 PT-26Bs as Cornell III. Most of these carried R.A.F. or R.C.A.F. markings and serial numbers and were painted yellow, and because they were being paid for with U.S. Army funds, they also carried the appropriate U.S. Army designation and serial numbers. The U.S. Army received 517 Canadian-built PT-26AS with U.S. markings.

The drawing shows an R.C.A.F. Cornell II built by Fleet. Although it was delivered in 1943, it carried the wide, late-1940-style fin flash and the Type-A roundels that were discontinued in June 1942. Canada was noted for using older markings on new-production aircraft until the end of the war.

The plane illustrated here carried three military serial numbers—-U.S. Army 42-65690; FV215, originally assigned by the R.A.F.; and 15116, adopted after it was transferred to the R.C.A.F. Most PT-26s were yellow, but some were finished in silver. U.S. Army PT-19s were prewar blue and yellow through the spring of 1942; after that, they were silver. The low cost and simplicity of the various Fairchild PTs made them popular on the surplus market after the war, and many are still used by private owners.

Fairchild Cornell
Above: The first Fairchild-built PT-26 was a winterized PT-19A with enclosed cockpits. This airplane carried Royal Air Force serial number FH651 and U. S. Army serial number 42-12499. The R.A.F. designation was Cornell I. Roundels and fin flash are correct for the 1940 to mid-1941 period.

Below: A blue and yellow U. S. Army Fairchild PT-19 over Randolph Field, TX, in 1941.

Below: A blue and yellow U. S. Army Fairchild PT-19 over Randolph Field, TX, in 1941.

Blue And Yellow Aircraft

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