Techniques

ink application \np trsv of lhe airbrush as a means of rendering natural, man-made, and fantasy or science fiction subjects has increased enormously over the past three decades. Illustrators have found this tool an Invaluable aid either for rendering a complete illus 1 ration or in limited application to enhance detail, tex-lurtj Form, or contrast on an illustration which has been primarily hand-painted.

Because of llie more widespread use ot the airbrush, various techniques have developed to arrive at the quickest and most effective means of achieving desired effects. Many of these techniques are peculiar to the airhmsh and are Lhe result of much experimentation by individual illustrators based on both the advantages and limitations of lhe airbrush. When the airbrush is in umMdiii use, ii will soon be apparent that there are lech nit pies other than ihose described and illustrated ri 11 icy will be discovered or identified through a particular need and may well become essential to the illustrator who chances upon them. In this boob, the purpose is to describe those techniques which have a wider and more general application in illustrative work, In il creative or technically based.

Airbrushhig is an acquired skill. It requires practice, pHtinn'e, careful planning, experiment, and, to produce successful work, an understanding and awareness of color, light, tone, and contrast, In addition an ability to draw is essential.

■It IK I Aft. M.Vi KINÍI ■ ANUI ED SPflAVINí]

acetate masking

Afílate is a completely Lriiiisjiur-ent. pla.stlc material ¡n siitxH ür rull fbrm and m y niiinh^T of iHiffíTetu thicknesses Lt ii useltrl In alrbruihlng as a

' ut>i L j Lulu f l.i j, jnd li. k i l] íI'_t i 11..- r 11, t(í, Ji if-a^h Hi W nuikino filTll liutjusu il luckj adhesive, acetate will nllnw rpsiifual color to l ra rt.jptli imdcmeath, deatliH a njft-pHjjpH ell eel ^vliLtti lüjl be used to advantage. Ir this )& not wan ted, care must foe luk'Jt I" ensurt that flu" ma.sV is In'Id tytniy and flarlv uyiftLst the art-wiirli 1o provide a fujri edgL- Lú Lite sprayáS area.

The tul Ol bioktji ciJb;c uf li pitee o! acetace can be used tí) form .1 ¡l>n<;e JllOSk, lx a wliule shape tan be tut out oí the malcrié oorrítj^íending tu a particular part otthe artwork. Ik-came .is etate is, like aiáílililí film, wiiíi plEtety transparent, the m.nsk can bu accunitch positioned In relation tu pitvioÚSjy spja; ed uru4$ ljr Hit Iniage. Whíri (ilttstí ¡s ttit, espe ciulty lar u mask which has sharp, hAít I-(hr]j»(M L fTirnm, il can b#. |_iill-tj-l: to splitting- AJttuJlJjfh il spilt nay appear Insignificant on tht JtiHytv inifik. it Is surprising how .1 sm.ill artioun.l '31' sprayed paint pasilng through Í1 wll! lv s L> í! i l i e 11l itj ihu^ li}j L>[j ull-

artwork.

1 Sweeping curves na1.» beian r.-.jT ii itc a pace nit acotalo This has has" Ifid fim oj^ rhP illusr sthn board aid mtor sprayistf along 1-g curveo

2 yii'hBii the acetate s ricwo avvay TOrn the spray&d ansa, t can iw s&en rat th& curve :S aoonra"aly nsDftutfíd hy soraylnci. T*i<i ftdgei quality lÉsüflhfiV sftfi "flsptha" would hi t"s osfiM If [hask -f. f ti "an i iftfirt.

1 Sweeping curves na1.» beian r.-.jT ii itc a pace nit acotalo This has has" Ifid fim oj^ rhP illusr sthn board aid mtor sprayistf along 1-g curveo

3 11 is aurne t.hsií. is „ssu, but "stead oí Ifhiiv ri£ all of t f a: on artwerk, and has hoar lifted w" 'r. Bprayinp.

4 _1C ICITOVJl Of t^C ITÍGIÍ ShU'A'S wore VÍ aoela:e vvyy lyid In., .■y ¡¿yf^ytid culur 'as s :irn ¡rJyt! b^l Wlte'tf I v\&a li '.ed, tme color adé.a cl a"'Li bler ds in:o the 1í" the t:car:l. This is n j&s'íjI "ar,""oi.s ■Ahor. be:" "ard ano snrt ¿ <-rarinlrs^ attlia fiaristimp

4 _1C ICITOVJl Of t^C ITÍGIÍ ShU'A'S wore VÍ aoela:e vvyy lyid In., .■y ¡¿yf^ytid culur 'as s :irn ¡rJyt! b^l Wlte'tf I v\&a li '.ed, tme color adé.a cl a"'Li bler ds in:o the 1í" the t:car:l. This is n j&s'íjI "ar,""oi.s ■Ahor. be:" "ard ano snrt ¿ <-rarinlrs^ attlia fiaristimp a< iv'i m [■ maskinu • anglli5 spravimf;

,\NGLFI> SPRAYING

t his term is u-m- J to describe thr technique of blending colors into e.tih other. without having a hard, li[ clearly defined edge betwtin them, It i'> achieved hv Hie disr.ini-r tin- airbrush Is held ■may from thi arlm>fk and the JiiUkut w I licit I lie »lirbfiKh is In liLition to the irtmHi surface, lli i r«,hnlr[ue may be usutl In conjunction wilh the section on crmmtftt tost.

Wide-bard Blending

I If is tf&rtulred to blend Uvj cobus. togoth«' wvlttnq'. it an ecyti between the- ti'.'o being shown. Alts- the uvyi all area for trw ™ir/ work has been masked off, he first cnlnr is sprayed

II urn I'jp 'jo bottom hnlrlinci thffair-bruMl i til on ang'e of 9T to ths artwork to uiBttle a voiy soft ^nrl gentla gradation.

2 The second nnlnr is now sprayed ut 'fio same angle as ttw f T?t, allowing he yrudation to overlap and rT'erye with the liist color.

Thip. photograph demonstrates t°c hoinhf anrl angle of the mrb'ush in relation tn the artwork as the In si eolc graefctinn la applied.

In applying fhf=i second color, ttie a't-work has been turned ! flf^ so that the uolor can again be sp'ayftd from tve top 'j! .he board, allowing I greater ranLrul.

Nairn w-band EMail dinq t r. this AxamfilA a namou-if hsnrl of ftenrtAd onlo- is dS'Th^ns'r'Htpd At JJl ft fif^riH ihA firArl.V on f'nm r.nlnr tn ■Aihhg r;t i-e board ii. Tiono ruc-

TVia 'Irftf r.rilnr ;R h^inn fiDrayAM iron

JOfi mil" thi Airnr.if," ■ ili'j ^t 3 She low SfWK fc> the surface.

2 The itccnd ccio1 Is applied ¿a in srocjt 1. The fcitsfted result 'jivjwa L ik'i:."..-' ^nlttyi Lelweeg .Me uo^ra I'an in ,>ie wiae-b&iid JemansTrdlon

11 it ar I'A'ur It. htia brier 1 lur nsrJ 1BCL lor Spraying fe seconc corr rtt.l i airrmjs" os "ilrr at tha saris a^oift as r .Rrarja I

TVia 'Irftf r.rilnr ;R h^inn fiDrayAM iron

JOfi mil" thi Airnr.if," ■ ili'j ^t 3 She low SfWK fc> the surface.

2 The itccnd ccio1 Is applied ¿a in srocjt 1. The fcitsfted result 'jivjwa L ik'i:."..-' ^nlttyi Lelweeg .Me uo^ra I'an in ,>ie wiae-b&iid JemansTrdlon

11 it ar I'A'ur It. htia brier 1 lur nsrJ 1BCL lor Spraying fe seconc corr rtt.l i airrmjs" os "ilrr at tha saris a^oift as r .Rrarja I

Using Cardboard In Angled Spraying

In Mh MhhA io-owinri fiiiaTirilAft. neteinoe can he marie in o.-.n :■ rHiA :m masking, 1 Xi^. MifKnc an: topm maexlkc.

1 li Una exanue , ut'dljcdre a MsU airily tv.'ty iftjjrti .he arvwats; and ""a aiit?n ish is ai An an^la nf 9Q{ m ihaftur'a^A "'.lift v.'ill :h fair-.-

2 In ['■ i phcrgjiai^r: U-s Gflrdbcatf ia again uatJ ua a naak, bu! he wl 11» aimr^sr' "as been brought down tn^varr; rhs hwzbnt; ■A+ilch will <1 ve a mi ir-.h softer ;cg: ■ini.i gender co (tf bradaticin

BASK EXEBG1SÊS

I lu- |jtl |.'ij ratioj l ot my type ot irrwoik im painting requires concentrated practice and p.i11 ■ :i t. IljjK1 ipcnl Ljfiie 'A"111 11:i■.■ \!i'. Ld.en.ds laier and prevent

M111'.'L IU11 |J tu LIILlJ LililHS-tSiflr^

r hiakfii hum being Incnrpnrated ■ to fJiiislieJ Lwork™ 11 ic a Eitj-rn si i ■■ nor i difficult tonl to use, bui ajivllh ,).J urlieis., whal li ran and Luruml du [tfidif to be under-

). ind i: t? i s no lie Her way dian practice. I laving said <har, : I ■ ■ vi. km ■.houLd not be* itdl i ■ illation bom the other tech-ntqhhis describe! ¡i ihjjbooi I in 1 hil bLuinner. It can be difficult .11 r.rsi to obtain hi LI cci^ti-ni of ihf tlnw iff paint ;md .11. Uii-.iufih ftiu uirlnitJ^Ji—MJKHJtJl Ktlfifl in svirtirg ;mH stopping tli ■ (p j-, osuitial tor tree hand Mirk, lnd runtrnl of. ST evr*n :■!>-. -1 ■ i- dikir, even when masks wll -■ ii?ed In deftne ipL-Ljfn shspes. In adriilinn. lb<- height . ml iuijjti tit .he iilfbrush Llurinn jptaying afftct itie fin.il lesuit. btydc iwmscs ean take any form ivhich helps to develop Hie utlst's un^n la lading of tin' tnflpt iM^ihililiei

■ .d'ataiiSt i i-ij ijytf ^owwill'i dill«r«rii. ted il ligues tind afjp KJci. o11^. ol UiswrLir^sh. Ail htve ^stin wnplelej prirrafily withnut usa of iritaks of t"y Kir 10. ira tyœ ot ' Jeudis- slsé:' h excrr an: □rsetios, whic" onahlss t"G asrjirinfl almms" WusT'atnt tn rlavAlnn fiklll ann nnn'î-ilnnrjs n rhf i hr^çh srd slso In unri0rf.tsrsdlng Lho limitai ohî o" ■he 'oo bask 1'1>km<1

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment