Here’s how you can draw animals in less than 15 minutes

Here’s how you can draw animals in less than 15 minutes

Turn Your Hobby Into A Business Course Review

Turn Your Hobby Into A Business Course Review

Online Art Lessons Review

Online Art Lessons Review

Pictures Of The Human Body Nude

Tolerance Drawing Symmetry

In a back view of a nude, the line created by the backbone can be used as an axis of symmetry, allowing us to balance the pose. In a back view of a nude, the line created by the backbone can be used as an axis of symmetry, allowing us to balance the pose. A symmetrical composition presents greater stability and balance. In artistic drawing, symmetry should not be perfect. The most common solution is to displace the direction of the head or one of the arms to avoid an eff ect of total symmetry....

Sectioning or crosshatching lines

When you go to a museum, you often see artefacts that have been cut up. For example, to illustrate how a petrol engine works, the cylinder block can be cut in half and the cut faces are invariably painted red. In engineering drawing, cross-hatching is the equivalent of painting something red. It is used to show the internal details of parts which otherwise would become too complex to show or dimension. The cross-hatch lines are usually equi-spaced and, for small parts, cover the whole of the...

Tutorial Fullsize side view rendering in Photoshop by Harald Belker

Linework Car Side View

A fully rendered side view of a design is still key for showing off your design and perhaps having it selected to become the project winner and turned into a full size model. With today's large-size printers, no one should have to go through the pain of producing a full-size, tape rendering, with all the masking and paint spraying. A scanned line drawing of your design is all you need to render your car in Photoshop, and make it look like the real thing. Print it large, hang it up on the wall,...

Tips On Drawing Animals

Simplified Skeleton Drawing

Bears have a tendency to be pigeon-toed. The paws of the cat family spread out slightly. Most hoofed animals are slightly knock-kneed more so when they're young. Always indicate skeleton bones,- these will hold the sketch together. Once you are familiar with the relotive size of the various bones, drawing becomes eosier It is well to divido the body into three port foroquorters, belly, and rear quarters. Sinco this is a natural division, I aid in achioving proper proportion. Draw in dorsal...

Answering the Call of the Animal Kingdom

Watercolor Painting Shadows Buildings

Getting ready to record Fido Looking for pets at home Going for larger game Crowing about barnyard birds love animals. The big dewy eyes. The unconditional love. The hair on the couch. I've had almost every type of animal as a pet cats, dogs, horses, peacocks, skunks, chickens, mice, rabbits, cows, geese, pheasants, quail, fish, and Shetland ponies. I still live on a farm, only now the domestic animals have been replaced by plenty of wild critters foxes, raccoons, owls, deer, hawks, snakes,...

True lengths and auxiliary views

Auxiliary View Engineering Drawing

An isometric view of a rectangular block is shown in Fig. 11.1. The corners of the block are used to position a line DF in space. Three orthographic views in firstangle projection are given in Fig. 11.2, and it will be apparent that the projected length of the line DF in each of the views will be equal in length to the diagonals across each of the rectangular faces. A cross check with the isometric view will clearly show that the true length of line DF must be greater than any of the diagonals...

Drawing the head from all angles

Different Head Angles Cartoon

Drawing a head from different angles is an important element of layout and also impacts the way characters visually communicate with one another. For example, having a character in the foreground talk with a character drawn in the background requires that the character in the foreground turn around and face the background character. Visually, you draw the back of the head of the characters in the foreground. Figure 6-9 demonstrates an example. In this cartoon the character is looking out a...

Third angle projection

Design View First Angle Projection

The difference between first and third angle projection is in the arrangement of views and, with reference to the illustration in Fig. 4.4, views are now positioned as follows View B from the left is placed on the left, View C from the right is placed on the right, View D from above is placed above, View E from below is placed underneath. Study the rearrangement shown below in Fig. 4.4 and remember the above rules because it is vital that the principles of first and third angle projection are...

Sections and sectional views

Section Views Engineering Drawings

A section is used to show the detail of a component, or an assembly, on a particular plane which is known as the cutting plane. A simple bracket is shown in Fig. 8.1 and it is required to draw three sectional views. Assume that you had a bracket and cut it with a hacksaw along the line marked B-B. If you looked in the direction of the arrows then the end view B-B in the solution Fig. 8.2 , would face the viewer and the surface indicated by the cross hatching would be the actual metal which the...

Perspective Drawing Of Staircase

Drawing Perspective Landscapes Roads

Drawing the first vanishing lines 1 A I The next step is to indicate the vanishing lines to the main point. Once all vanishing lines have been inserted it will be possible to outline the entire canopy on the strength of these new reference points and the estimated length and height of the canopy, which vanishes to the main point. We now draw in the spatial dimension, the step and grid for scraping off muddy shoes We should stress here that the utmost care and attention should be devoted to...

Draughting conventions associated with threads

Orthographic Drawing Threaded Hole

Threads are so regularly used on engineering drawings that recognizable conventions are required to save draughting time. Figure 15.12 shows the convention for a male thread. The thread runout along the shank of the stud is indicated by a line drawn at 30 to the thread axis. The minor diameter of the thread is shown by parallel lines and in the end elevation the projected circle is not continuous. The break in the inside circle distinguishes the end elevation of a male thread from a female...

Eye Level The Foundation of Perspective

Pencil Sketches Furniture Objects

Many students fail in their attempts at drawing because they're unaware of eye level. Actually, it's such a simple concept, so seemingly obvious, that perhaps it's this very quality that causes it to be overlooked. Eye level refers to the height at which your eyes observe an object. You may want to write this sentence and place it where you can see it often, so that it becomes part of you. It's that important to your development as an artist. To actually demonstrate what is meant by eye level,...

Dimensioning counterbores

Engineering Drawing Counterbore

A drilling machine is used for this operation, and a typical counterboring tool is shown in Fig. 14.26. The operation involves enlarging existing holes, and the depth of the enlarged hole is controlled by a stop on the drilling machine. The location of the counterbored hole is assisted by a pilot at the tip of the tool which is a clearance fit in the previously drilled hole. A typical use for a counterbored hole is to provide a recess for the head of a screw, as shown in Fig. 14.27 or a flat...

The blending of lines and curves

Blending Arcs

It is usually only the very simple type of engineering detail that has an outline composed entirely of straight lines The inclusion of curves within the outline of a component may be for several reasons to eliminate sharp edges, thereby making it safer to handle to eliminate a stress centre, thereby making it stronger to avoid extra machining, thereby making it cheaper and last, but by no means least, to improve its appoarance This last reason applies particularly to those industnes which...

Development of patterns from sheet materials

Engineering Drawing Pattern Development

Many articles such as cans, pipes, elbows, boxes, ducting, hoppers, etc. are manufactured from thin sheet materials. Generally a template is produced from an orthographic drawing when small quantities are required larger quantities may justify the use of press tools , and the template will include allowances for bending and seams, bearing in mind the thickness of material used. Exposed edges which may be dangerous can be wired or folded, and these processes also give added strength, e.g....

Perspective projection

Trimetric Projection

Perspective projection is as shown in Figure 2.2. Perspective projection is reality in that everything we see in the world is in perspective such that the objects always have vanishing points. Perspective projection is thus the true view of any object. Hence, we use expressions like 'putting something in perspective' Projectors radiate from a station point i.e. the eye past the object and onto the 2D picture plane. The station point is the viewing point. Although there is only one station...

Requirements of engineering drawings

Engineers Vice Orthographic Drawing

Engineering drawings need to communicate information that is legally binding by providing a specification. Engineering drawings therefore need to met the following requirements Engineering drawings should be unambiguous and clear. For any part of a component there must be only one interpretation. If there is more than one interpretation or indeed there is doubt or fuzziness within the one interpretation, the drawing is incomplete because it will not be a true specification. The drawing must be...

Methods of drawing an ellipse

Rectangle Method Drawing Ellipse

Construct two concentric circles equal in diameter to the major and minor axes of the required ellipse. Let these diameters be AB and CD in Fig. 10.1. Fig. 10.1 Two-circle construction for an ellipse Fig. 10.1 Two-circle construction for an ellipse Divide the circles into any number of parts the parts do not necessarily have to be equal. The radial lines now cross the inner and outer circles. Where the radial lines cross the outer circle, draw short lines parallel to the minor axis CD. Where...

Continue To Layer The Skin Tones And Shadows

Pencil Strokes

Deepen the skin tone around the eyes with Henna. Add this color into the corner membranes. Notice the ridge of reflected light above the eyelid crease of the right eye. With Seashell Pink, add a slight shadow to the eyeball in the corners. Also add it below the eye on the left to enhance the look of roundness. 3DEEPENTHESKINTONES,ADDTHE EYEBROWS AND LASHES Continue to build the color of the skin tone. Use quick strokes with Black to create the eyebrows and eyelashes, tapering the pencil stroke...

Drawing Cylindrical Objects

Drawing Cylinder And Eye Level

After doing so many drawings with straight lines, you can probably do them now with ease and confidence. They'll become still easier as you continue with future projects. But if you're to draw objects based on the cylinder, the cone, or the sphere, you must also practice drawing the curved lines that form them. Hold your pencil still the ordinary office kind in the position you prefer the usual writing one, or under your palm. Swing your arm from your elbow, and even from the shoulder, if you...

Dimensioning irregular curves

Dimensioning Curves

Irregular curves may be dimensioned by the use of ordinates. To illustrate the use of ordinates, a section through the hull of a boat is shown Fig. 14.14 . Since the hull is symmetrical about the vertical centre line it is not necessary to draw both halves in full and if the curve is presented in this manner then two short thick parallel lines are drawn at each end of the profile at right angles to the centre line. The outline is also extended slightly beyond the centre line to indicate that...

Point Perspective

Car Perspective Drawing Lessons

VANISHING POINTS CONVERGENCE LINES HORIZON LINE When I begin a sketching program I almost always start by drawing only in side views. The point of early sketch work is for the designer to 'find' many ideas in a short space of time. By sketching in side view and usually reasonably small I can generate many pages of ideas very quickly. This is mostly down to the fact that you need to think about perspective very little, and can therefore concentrate on thinking about ideas. Almost the only...

Enlarging and reducing plane figures and equivalent areas

Areas Plane Figures

Beginning at R. draw the sides of the larger figure parallel to the sides of the original smaller figure. This construction works equally well for reducing the size of a plane figure. Fig. 7 2 shows an irregular hexagon reduced to 4 9 its original size. These constructions are practical only if the figure which has to be enlarged or reduced has straight sides. If the outline is irregular, a different approach is needed. Fig. 7 3 shows the face of a down in two sizes, one twice that of the...

Exercises With Hard Pencils

In this section, we are going to introduce you to a series of projects and exercises that will give you a practical introduction to using the range of hard pencils. As we have previously said, the hard pencil makes a fine precise line. What we shall show you is how that line can be employed to demonstrate your ideas, expressions and observations. First, we must complete a series of exercises to see and experience what we can achieve with the material. In many ways these exercises are like the...

The Nature Of The Facial Muscles

Everyone's face is continually reshaped in response to different moods and impulses. Watch people in conversation their faces are rarely at rest. Their features respond as they listen and accompany their voices as they speak. The fact that we are capable of so much communication with our faces is a great help in our lives as social creatures. Those around us can share in our pleasure when they see us smile or be moved to cheer us up when they see we are sad. Our faces are as expressive as they...

PLATE Proportions of the schoolboys head

Girl And Old Car Drawing

Children between eight and twelve are more difficult to draw than either very young children or adults. The character of the head is pretty well established by this time, and some children have even taken on quite an adult look. But there is a trick to indicating this age group which is quite dependable. The eyes have moved up to touch the halfway line, and the space from the hairline to the top of the head is three-fourths of a unit instead of one-half unit as it is in the adult. In the adult...

Levator Nasolabialis Horse

Canine Muscle Levator Labii Maxillaris

The muscles of the head consist of the chewing muscles temporalis, masseter, and digastric and the facial muscles zygomaticus, orbicularis oris, etc. . The chewing muscles are thick and volumetric, and they originate and insert on bone. They open and close the lower jaw, with the action taking place at the jaw joint temporomandibular joint . The facial muscles are thin. They originate either from the skull or from the surface of other muscles, and they generally insert into other facial muscles...

Draw Cylinders from Any Angle

How Draw Pants Angle

Practice drawing these cylinders even if you can't see the point of it yet. The curved edges and the pattern are always parallel. Once you can draw a good circle without using a compass, you are ready to draw more exaggerated shapes. To practice three-dimensional drawing, the angle combines perspective and space. Although this is a difficult angle to draw, it is good practice for drawing shapes and considering the thickness of the body. Draw the other hand so that you can see it all. Don't draw...

Characters Expressions by Type Head Real Type Shoujo Manga Genre Girl

Anime Girl Body Structure

Most important is the purity ot her image because she is not ot this world. Whatever is said, she is an unemotional and strong-willed girl. It seems as if she is always staring tar into the distance. She is gentle and speaks little. Draw her carefree as if she is floating above this world untouched by mundane things. You must draw everything In fine detail. You very rarely view her from below. But practice drawing her because she features in momentous scenes of grace and resolve. When she faces...

Popular Comic Book ExpmfllONf

Head Proportions Comics

There are as many facial expressions as there are faces, but some are better suited to comic book illustration than others. You could draw a guy with his eyes popping out and his jaw on the floor, but chances are you'd be better off working in an animation studio or locked away where you wouldn't be a danger to yourself or others. Draw only the lines that actually create the expression. The width of the jaw will vary, depending on whether the character is clenching his teeth. Eyebrows curve...

Worked examples in machine drawing

Machine Drawing

Examination questions generally relate to single parts or assemblies of detailed components, and test the students' ability to draw sectional and outside views. British Standards refer to 'views' but other terms have been traditionally used in technical drawing. The front or side view of a house is quite likely to be known as an elevation and a 'birds eye view' as a plan. These expressions are freely used. The examples which follow are of examination standard and a student draughtsman would be...

Boys Over Flowers Anime

Drawing Game Characters Lessons

In nos. 1-6, new information is added to the box. Similar to the revised drawings featured on the previous pages, the amount of information contained in the drawings done at the level of an absolute beginner is different to that in advanced work. This is illustrated by the difference between nos. 1 and 8. The observer the person who set the task of drawing the boxes would be expecting only to see what was asked for, that is, a square box. Nos. 6 to 8 exceed these expectations. You cannot say...

How The Mouth Changes Shape As It Opens

How Sketch Mouth With Pencil

Carefully observing the way the mouth looks when relaxed and open will help us see more clearly the way its shape changes when we're happy, angry, or sad. The oval shape of the opening is the key. In most expressions it squares off dramatically in none except surprise is it oval. Note that as mouth drops, lower lip stretches more than upper, as it follows dropping teeth. Think of the upper lip as divided in thirds. The center third, with dip and peaks, is held in place by teeth. The outer legs...

Levator Labii Superioris The Openmouthed Sneer

Lips Drawing Step Step

People with arched upper lips form an important minority group, like left-handers. The arch may be fairly high A or lower, with only a tiny gap between the lips. The center part is never more than one-third the length of the upper lip, and side angles are not steep. The lower lip line is flat. The sneer occurs when the center is elongated and side angles are steep B . The lower lip is unaffected. If the pull of the sneering muscle, levator labii superioris, is...

First angle projection examples with plotted curves

Third Angle Projection

In orthographic projection, all widths in the end view are equal in size to depths in the plan view, and of course the opposite is true that some dimensions required to complete end views may be obtained from given plan views. Figure 4.21 shows part of a solid circular bar which has been cut at an angle of 30 with the horizontal axis. Point A is at any position along the sloping face. If a horizontal line is drawn through A across to the end view then the width of the chord is dimension X. This...

How To Draw Loci For Crank Mechanism

Loci Ladder Slipping

A locus plural foci is tha path traced out by a point which moves under given definite conditions You may not have been aware ot it but you have met loo meny times before. One of the most common loci is that of a point which moves so that its distance from another fixed point remains constant, this produces a circle Another locus that you know is that ot a point which moves so that its distance from a line remains constant this produces parallel lines. Problems on loci can take several...

Figure Drawing Without A Model

In this chapter we shall look at a number of drawing exercises devised to help you towards your goal of good imaginative figure drawing from memory. They are aimed at consolidating the information so far presented and building on the familiarity you have gained with the human figure through your frequent use of your sketchbook. Each exercise contributes in a significant way to the development of the drawing skills you will need, and in the process will help you avoid the commoner pitfalls and...

Three Point Perspective Buildings

How Draw Person Holding Camera

In storytelling, it is essential to explain the five Ws who, what, when, where and why. Novelists do this with words. Manga artists, however, can use background illustrations to tell much of the story One of the most important aspects of drawing manga is knowing how to convey a sense of time and place. If you are producing a manga based on historical fact, research the period beforehand so your drawing and dialogue will be accurate. Likewise, if your manga is set in an imaginary world and based...

The Line of Action or Strength

For a figure to attain an impression of equilibrium and rhythm, it is necessary for it to have an internal line, an imaginary line that extends across the length of the figure, in order to articulate its rhythmic effect. This structural line, known as the line of action, should be the basis for any drawing of a pose or movement. Working with lines of force allows us to approach the internal rhythm without the figure becoming unbalanced. When constructing a pose, it is preferable to first...

Once A Basic Shape Such As A Cube Or A Rectangular Prism Is Drawn Correctly It Can Become The Guide

Geometric Shapes Rectangular Prism

The Basic Cube Can Become The Basis For An Endless Variety Of Objects 49 And So Can The Basic Brick Shape - Look Around And See The ties of the railroad and the black lines of the structure at the right are parallel to the picture plane therefore they do not converge. The rails and the fancy lines of the structure are perpendicular to the picture plane therefore they do converge, and since the observer's central visual ray points exactly in their direction, their vanishing point must be in the...

Conveying the Sensation of Speed

The sensation of speed is added to the force when the fist is expressed with oblique lines Draw the outline of the oblique lines in conjunction Draw the outline of the oblique lines in conjunction The arm itself can be used to express the speed's afterimage. The arm itself can be used to express the speed's afterimage. Double pass give it slightly slantec look. For a sensation of speed too fast for the naked eye, emphasize the locus of the punch with white lines. For a sensation of speed too...

Express blows swelling bruises and the like with oblique lines and tones

Oblique Drawing

When there is cerebral hemorrhaging in the eyes adding a tone makes the eyes red. When showing ciose-ups add tones on top of the obiiqu lines to express red and black-and-blue swelling. When there is cerebral hemorrhaging in the eyes adding a tone makes the eyes red. after having the neck strangled. Adding oblique lines makes the area look bruised. Lacerations from a blade or knife should be sharp. This has been composed with the curved lines drawn along the curved facial sections. When showing...

Perspective Of The Head

Anime Male Body Outline

R erspective refers to the effect of distance upon the appearance of objects and planes. There are to be considered parallel perspective, angular perspective and oblique perspective. Parallel lines which do not retreat do not appear to converge. Retreating lines, whether they are above or below the eye, take a direction toward the level of the eye and meet at a point. This point is called the center of vision, and it is also the vanishing point in parallel perspective. In parallel perspective,...

Figure Solution To Isometric Drawing Problem

Oblique Drawing With Problem

Figure 40 on the following page is a sample problem that involves the creation of an isometric drawing from given orthographic views that contain a slanted surface. The slanted surface is dimensioned by using an angular dimension. That presents a problem because angular dimensions cannot be directly transferred from orthographic views to isometric drawings.

How To Shade Anime Hair

Stretches With Pencil Shading

As for the mechanics of this drawing of Oliver Rodin, a relative of the great sculptor August Rodin, you can see that the light comes from the windows in back of him, outlining his head and arms and shining through his white hair. Notice, however, that the hair tones around the forehead and ear appear rather dark, seeming to belie their true whiteness. The reason is that his hair doesn't have a smooth, planar surface like his shirt does, but instead has many tiny ridges and canyons formed by...

The bos and bonis of Forceful Shape

Since we hove gone over what kinds of lines create force and form, let's discuss what kinds of shapes do and don't. Notice their similarity to the rules of force from Chapter One. 1. Don't create a shape with parallel lines. Force has no way of moving obliquely through the body. As we will discuss further, human anatomy is not built in a parallel manner. 2. Don't have the same kind of force on either side of the same shape. I call this mirroring. Here the forces crash after doing their...

Unilateral and bilateral limits

Figure 19.10 shows an example of unilateral limits, where the maximum and minimum limits of size are disposed on the same side of the basic size. This system is preferred since the basic size is used for the GO limit gauge changes in the magnitude of the tolerance affect only the size of the other gauge dimension, the NOT GO gauge size. Figure 19.11 shows an example of bilateral limits, where the limits are disposed above and below the basic size. Minimum limit Maximum limit Fig. 19.10...

Putting Characters into Scenes and Drawing Backgrounds

Manga Background Eye Level

When putting characters into scenes and drawing backgrounds, put the principle of placing the character inside a perspective into practice. F rst. draw a line at thn shoulde's and use While looking at the bala-ce cf ttio tow Using the box, the 'eye-level' horizontal lines and vanishing points. Start off doire it freehand, arid then later Lse a nilnr to put tilings in order First, give shape to the area of the space, area and the sizes of the character you want to draw. F rst. draw a line at thn...

The Posision of the Breasts

How Draw Breast

The impression created varies greatly by how the breasts are positioned. Breasts that are predominant among Westerners The impression created varies greatly by how the breasts are positioned. Breasts that are predominant among Westerners Breasts that are predominant among Asians Breasts that are predominant among Asians Scraping away some of the screentones enhances the appearance of skin. Apply shading with screentones to create a feeling of solidity When the figure is dressed, you can create...

Intersection of regular solids

Intersection Two Cylinders

When two solids Interpenetrate, a line of intersection is formed. H is sometimes necessary to know the exact shape of this line, usually so that an accurate development of either or both of the solids can be drawn. This chapter shows the lines of intersection formed when some of the simpler geometric solids interpenetrate Two dissimilar equare prleme meeting at right The E E. shows where corners 1 and 3 meet the larger prism and these are projected across to the F.E. The plan shows where comers...

Freehand Drawing Exercises

Freehand Exercises Lines And Circles

D gt gt t gt t gt OM gt M gt t gt t gt t gt l gt an It looks so easy, doesn't it But just try to repeat the various figures carefully and very evenly on your exercise space J j o o tnr o r i o i i o 7 o e j o c i o c n o t The following repeat exercises show that your eye is already capable of anticipating and visualizing the correct lines in advance. With each exercise you will become aware of the countless possible variations Your free choice of these possibilities will now rapidly grow and...

Perspective and the Picture Plane

Perspective can be dealt with in various ways Scale and relativity Measuring and siting Aerial perspective Scale in drawing is the rendering of relative size. An object or person or tree, as it is seen farther away, will seem smaller than another of the same size that is closer. We'll look at each of these methods in a few pages. Formal simply refers to your point of view relative to what you are looking at. It is the point at which all planes and lines vanish. Let's consider eye level as the...

The importance of proportion in portrait drawing

All drawing involves proportion, whether the subject is still life, landscape, figure drawing, or portrait drawing. Proportion is important whether an artwork's style is realistic, abstract, or completely nonobjective that is, without recognizable forms from the external world . Realistic drawing in particular depends heavily on proportional correctness. Therefore, realistic drawing is especially effective in training the eye to see the thing-as-it-is in its relational proportions. Individuals...

Planometric Projections

Planometric Drawing

First introduced by Auguste Choisy at the end of the 19th century, and the favoured system of Le Corbusier and Theo van Doesburg, these projections were primarily produced for architects. This type of presentation gives a truer, three- dimensional illusory understanding of the space and form of a building produced from a plan in scale, and has become very popular among architects. creative roots and needs. The constructed perspective drawing is dominated by pure theory the observed perspective...

How To Draw Mangawater

Drawing Manga Face

Rocks in rivers and oceans are worn down by the flow of the water and the surface of them becomes smooth. Rocks in rivers and oceans are worn down by the flow of the water and the surface of them becomes smooth. As the wave breaks, the foam quickly rises and the white water increases. First of all, the water rises up in the direction of the force. The water rises and as it reaches a peak, the foam rises. As the wave breaks, the foamed up area splits and widens to the left and right. Expressing...

How To Draw Manga Clothes

Draw Manga Faces Turned

Maybe if I add ink it will look better. Maybe if I add ink it will look better. Draw because you like it. Never forget the pleasure of creating and drawing. The essence of improving your manga is to have fun doing it. The only way to improve is to use your eyes. Get to the bottom of what and why things don't look right and fix them. Get to the bottom of what and why things don't look right and fix them. It's hard to admit your own mistakes. But you won't be able to improve as an artist unless...

Painting the Rocky Cliffs

Horizon Line Painting

The last major element to paint is stone. Now, stone should be easy to paint. It does not move or change shape in the time it takes to paint an image. On the other hand, because stones do not change, they are often hard to paint well because artists tend to assume they already know what rock looks like and they don't study it. The stones in this painting are not real but show one method of painting them. We'll handle the rocks in this scene very simply and directly paint them on a new layer. No...

Using Colored Pencils with a Solvent

Prismacolor Pencils Over Watercolor

All colored pencils are to some degree turpentine soluble, but only some brands are water soluble. Those that are water soluble include the Caran D'Ache Supracolor, Venus Watercolor-ing, and Mongol brands. The Pris-macolor and Spectracolor brands are among those that are not water soluble. For the look that most closely resembles watercolor or painting, the water soluble pencils work best. Pencils that are only turpentine soluble also yield a fluid and painterly effect, but they do so with less...

Typical AutoCAD drawings

Autocad Figures

The following examples are meant to convey to the reader the extensive range of draughting facilities available from software associated with basic programs. Obviously there is a certain amount of overlap in the scope of programs and often alternative ways of performing similar operations. Figures 3.6 and 3.7 show pictorial drawings of an engine development. A pictorial view can easily be generated after drawing orthographic views, which give the dimensions in three planes at right angles to...

Line types and thicknesses

The standard ISO 128 1982 gives 10 line types that are defined A to K excluding the letter I . The table in Figure 3.4 shows these lines. Material medium carbon steel. All dimensions in mm. Figure 3.3 Detailed engineering drawing of the 'hardened insert', part number 2 Material medium carbon steel. All dimensions in mm. Figure 3.3 Detailed engineering drawing of the 'hardened insert', part number 2 The line types are 'thick', 'thin', 'continuous', 'straight', 'curved', 'zigzag', 'discontinuous...

Diagonal Scale Drawing

Diagonal Scale

Three examples of diagonal scales follow. This scale would be used where the drawing is twice the m of the natural object and the draughtsman has to be able to measure on a scale accurate to 01 mm The longest natural dimension is 60 mm. This length is first divided into six 10 mm intervals. The first 10 mm is then divided into 10 pans, each 1 mm wide scaled Each of these 1 mm intervals is divided with a diagonal into 10 more equal parts To construct a diagonal seal , 30 mm 1 mm, 4 m long to...

Portraiture Human Head Proportion

Outline Human Head

As the easiest to draw, and that which, probably, will show most clearly to the pupil the principles upon which he must rely for accuracy, let him begin with a full 01 front view of the Moutii and before making any attempt at expression he should become familiar with the actual form of the features, and be capable of delineating them knowingly. The first thing to be done is to get the beautiful line produced by the meeting of the lips. On a straight line first indicate the width of I he...

Drawing office management and organization

Basic Drawing Office Layout Chart

Every article used in our day-to-day lives will probably have been produced as a result of solutions to a sequence of operations and considerations, namely The initial stage will commence when an original marketable idea is seen to have a possible course of development. The concept will probably be viewed from an artistic and a technological perspective. The appearance and visual aspects of a product are very important in creating an acceptable good first impression. The technologist faces the...

Some more problems solved by drawing

This chapter introduces the student to some more drawing techniques It should be emphasized that the topics are only introduced all of them can be studied in much greater depth and any solutions offered in this chepter will apply to simple probleme only. AREAS OF IRREGULAR SHAPES It is possible to find, by drawing, the area of an irregular shape. The technique does not give an exact answer but. carefully used can provide a reasonable answer. Look at Fig. 17 1. The shape is trapezoidal with...

Sketches Of Human Anatomy

Human Head Reference Sketches

By the aid of shadows is developed the true form of the model and to parts more or less advanced or depressed, are thereby given a location, as decided and certain as if seen in profile. So truly can they be expressed, on a flat surface, that a sculptor can model a bust, from a picture, and the eye may be so completely deceived, by their close representation, as scarcely to distinguish the reality from its counterfeit. It is, therefore, as essentially...

Putting a Face on an Inanimate Object

Drawings Inanimate Objects

The great thing about the world of cartooning is that you can give personality to anything. The key is to add human characteristics to objects, including the way the object moves and how you make the object express itself. You can humanize any object by giving it eyes, ears, and a big mouth. By humanizing inanimate objects, you can create offbeat and unique cartoon characters to give your comic a life of its own. The next sections look at a few examples of how to draw and humanize inanimate...

Starting with circles

Big Spectacles Cartoon Characters

If you're an avid reader or fan of comics, you know that most cartoon figures are short and small with a slightly large head. You see this in many classic comic strip characters, like Charlie Brown and Snoopy from Peanuts and Calvin from Calvin and Hobbes. Most of the modern cartoon characters on TV also have this type of body design. Drawing a classic cartoon body begins with sketching a basic shape, either a circle or an oval, and building on it. Classic cartoon characters are often kids, and...

Drawing Accurately Proportion Pics

Bnsf Safety Drawings

Add values over the lines to give the scene depth and definition, and to make it look more realistic. Gauging proportions is as simple as making sure that the width and height of the objects in your drawing are proportionally similar to those in your reference. Believable art starts with correct proportions, so learning how to gauge proportions accurately will be invaluable. You don't need to know the actual inches or cen Gauging Proportions can be done by measuring each part of the subject...

Drawing Dynamic Figures

Dynamic Figure Drawing Poses

Creating figures that seem to move through space will bring far more interest to your drawings. The human body can bend and stretch itself into many different positions, so there can be no step-by-step method to cover them all. Your best bet is to study how the body moves by observing actual people. Make quick sketches of anyone performing some task or sitting in some position. While doing so, keep in mind what you know about the anatomy of the body. Here are some examples for you. The...

Creating basic head shapes

Shapes Square

Designing a head shape requires a familiarity with basic shapes and how to draw them. Though you've probably been drawing circles and squares since grade school, you may not know how to relate them to certain head shapes and the stereotypes associated with each. All you have to do is draw the basic head shape and then add the facial features you want to match your character's personality check out the sections later in this chapter for clear directions on drawing eyes, ears, a nose, and so on ....

How To Draw Scale 2 Point Perspective

Third Point Drawing

This is the previous top view diagram seen in perspective. So remember THE SPACING USED ALONG THE MEASURING LINE CAN BE AT ANY SCALE. vanishing point FOR object 71 Dividing A Surface Into UNEQUAL Spaces With A Measuring Line And Special Vanishing Point The measuring line method of dividing perspective surfaces may also be used with unequal spaces. Suppose a 2-ft. opening is to be located on a wall, spaced as below. STEP 2 Connect end points to estab lish special vanishing point. STEP 1 Tick off...

Further problems in loci

Involute Coil

After 1 6 rev. the position of P the intersection of the line Pt Pi and the radius. marked off from 0 . This is repeated for the twelve divisions Fig. 16 1 also shows the beginning of a second cycloid and it can be seen that the change from one cycloid to another is sudden. If any locus is plotted and has an instantaneous change of shape H indicates that there is e cessation of movement Anything that has mass cannot chsnge direction suddenly without first ceasing to move. The point of the...

How To Draw Perspective Of A Round Steers

Perspective The Round Are

Then try drawing four equal quad- rants. Note the ends are always x rounded, never pointed. You might find it helpful to sketch a rectangle around the tick marks. This creates four more guide lines within which the shapes can be judged and compared above . Another good technique is to draw the curve carefully in one quadrant. Then transfer tracing paper works well this shape to the other three quadrants, using the axes as reference lines above . The Center Of A Circle Drawn In Perspective Does...

Figures in Perspective

Point Perspective Manga Drawing

Drawing a single figure in the middle of an empty piece of paper may be fine, but what if you want to show a group of people, and you want to place them in a setting In this case, it is important to understand something about perspective. Perspective deals with the figure's relative size compared to everything else around it. For instance, if a character is standing in a room, you want him to look as if he will fit through the door behind him. Horizon Line The line where the Earth and the sky...

Formal perspective versus informal perspective

But the system of formal perspective is not without problems. Followed to the letter, strictly applied perspective rules can result in rather dry and rigid drawings. Perhaps the most serious problem with the formal perspective system is that it is so left-brained. It employs the style of left-hemisphere processing analysis, sequential logical cogitation, and mental calculations within a pre-prescribed system. There are vanishing points, horizon lines, perspective of circles and ellipses, and so...

Eight-course 125mm Stepped-off Diagonal Method

Draw Heptagon Engineering Drawing

To construct a regular octagon given the diagonal, i. o. within given circle Fig. 2 29 1. Draw the circle and insert a diameter AE. 2. Construct another diagonal CO, perpendicular to the first diagonal. 3. Bisect the four quadrants thus produced to cut the circle in B. D. F, andH. To construct a regular octagon given the diameter, i.e. within a given square Fig. 2 30 1. Construct a square PORS. length of side equal to the diameter. 2. Draw the diagonals SQ and PR to intersect m T. 3. With...

The first component skill The perception of edges

Pure Contour Drawing has introduced you to the first component skill of drawing the perception of edges. In drawing, the term edge has a special meaning, different from its ordinary definition as a border or outline. In drawing, an edge is where two things come together. In the Pure Contour Drawing you just finished, for example, the edge you drew was the place (the wrinkle) where two parts of the flesh of your palm came together to form a single boundary for both parts. That shared boundary,...

Five basic skills of drawing

The global skill of drawing a perceived object, person, landscape (something that you see out there) requires only five basic component skills, no more. These skills are not drawing skills. They are perceptual skills, listed as follows Three the perception of relationships Four the perception of lights and shadows Five the perception of the whole, or gestalt I am aware, of course, that additional basic skills are required for imaginative, expressive drawing leading to Art with a capital A. Of...

Textures And Tones With A Soft Pencil

Pencil Drawing Textures

Practical application of pencil texture and tones Note Carpenter's pencil is used for brick and shingle textures Figure 3-4. Practical application of pencil texture and tones Note Carpenter's pencil is used for brick and shingle textures Figure 3-5. Mechanically applied single line technique combined with stipple technique Figure 3-5. Mechanically applied single line technique combined with stipple technique 1 The mechanical application of single line shading uses a straight edge,...

Drawing With Colored Pencils

Drawing Peacock Colored Pencil

It is important to understand the traits of warm and cool colors. Warm colors are often used to reflect light off of subjects and appear to come forward. Cool colors are often used in shadows and appear to recede. Study finished art and note how the artist uses warm and cool colors to create the piece's light source and center of interest. Not only can the use of color change the way something looks, color can actually bounce around and attach itself to objects. This Baltimore Oriole likes to...

The Heroic Female Figure

Draw Girl Body Line

The heroic female figure has a fairly wide collarbone, resulting in square, well-muscled shoulders. A woman's rib cage, bones, and all of her muscles are smaller than a man's. Her torso tapers sharply at the waist, but her pelvis is wider. As a rule, comic book women are drawn with more curves, while the men are drawn with more heavy angles. For detailed information on how to draw comic book heroines, see Beautiful But Deadly, pages 56-75. The center of balance is an imaginary vertical line...

Realistic Oak Tree Drawings

Oak Tree Outline Drawing

Some of the most distinctive characteristics of oak trees are the heavy boughs with twisted, angular branches. These boughs and branches can easily be seen because oak trees have many more sky holes than most trees. Another outstanding feature is the downward thrust of the lower branches, as shown in the graph-ite-pencil drawing at right. The foliage is often heavily branched, and in the fall, it puts out a beautiful scarlet and red-orange leaf. Whereas most trees drop their leaves in the fall,...

Rule Of Proportion the human body

Fashion Design Sketch Model Outlines

1 The head measures one-eighth of the height of the body and therefore constitutes a unit of measure. 2 The distance between the temples forms the basis of the width of a shoulder from the base of the neck to the shoulder joint AB a'b' . 3 When the figure is viewed from the front, the median axis divides the figure perfectly in half. 4 The shoulders are as wide as the pelvis, the waist two-thirds of the width of the shoulders, 5 The shoulders are drown extending beyond the upper body, with the...

Structuring the Whole from Simple Forms

Human Structure Basic Drawing

To sketch a geometrical model we begin by selecting a composite outline in other words, a simple geometric shape on which we can inscribe whatever pose the figure assumes. In this way, the work will present from the start a more satisfactory visual layout.The use of compositional outlines in sketching is an efficient method for arranging the subject and adequately breaking up the pictorial space, thus helping to organize the elements of the drawing so that the viewers attention, and the focal...

The Downward Gaze Vs The Closing

Gaze Diagram

The trickiest part of drawing the downward gaze is to not merely end up with a closed-looking eye. When the eyes simply close, the iris and pupil are covered in the process in the downward gaze, the eye leaves open a space large enough for the pupil to see through. This is accomplished by the bowing downward of the lower lid. A telltale crease, the signature fold for this action, appears below the lid as it moves. As the gaze drops further, the bow gets sharper and the crease deepens. The dip...

House TreePerson HTP Examples

Htp Test Abusive Children

The client is a single young adult male. Records indicate that his parents were divorced when he was a toddler, and he has focused his anger on his mother. She states that while in preschool he threw a burning stick at her and was later found standing over her with a pair of scissors. These episodes never resulted in any physical injuries but would end in screaming matches. From this time forward he lived with his father, who physically abused him on numerous occasions. He has been incarcerated...

How To Draw Manga Step By Step

Drawing Manga Action Figures

Although the progress of this work is broken down into nineteen stages, it's best to bear in mind that the faster you can do the main body of the work, the more energy your finished painting is likely to have. It's all too easy to get tied up in a particular detail and leave the rest of the picture to languish, so try to move about the surface of the painting so that the whole thing evolves at a steady rate. and materials you prefer and see how different media behave when CS10 art board has a...

Conic sectionsthe ellipse the parabola the hyperbola

Ellipse And Parabolla Drawing

Fig. 11 1 shows the five sections that can be obtained from a cone The tnangle and the circle have been discussed in earlier chapters this chapter looks at the remain -ing three sections, the ellipse, the parabola and the hyperbola These are three very important curves. The ellipse can vary m shape from almost a circle to almost a straight line and is often used in designs because of its pleasing shape The parabola can be seen m the shape of electnc fire reflectors, rader dishes and the main...

Drawing The Human Head

Photo Heads

When you have mastered the procedure, try it on a series of heads showing various turns to left and right. In all views, note how each measure A-B equals measure C-D. Let us, for the sake of argument, raise an important question Is the foregoing method reliable for any stage in the rotation of the head It is. Here is the proof. Suppose that we wish to give the head its greatest possible rotation, from a front view to a full side view. First, we draw the front ovoid shape and divide it, as...

How To Hang A Ledge And Brace Door

Framed Ledged And Braced Door Drawing

The collar beam will, unless the roof settles or spreads, be in compression bat, as the latter contingency may possibly occur, it will be better to provide for its becoming a tie beam by tenoning it to the principal rafters and securing these with inns or iron straps. Not much difficulty will be experienced in making this drawing. Set off the walls to the given span, bisect the span and erect a centre line. Draw the corbels resting on the springing line, and with a radius of 19 ft. describe the...

Pencil Sketch Of Elbow Joint

Mechanical Drawing Exercises

1 The upper extremity of the elbow as seen from the front. The inner surface of the coranoid process of the ulna is curved so as to clasp the pulleylike trochlea of the humerus. 2 The lower extremity of the humerus is somewhat flat. Projecting from each side are the internal and external condyles. Between the two is the rounded groove that receives the lip of the ulna. 3 Here the bones of the arm and forearm are connected. This is a view from the front. The humerus above shows the two condyles...

One Stroke Painting Animals

Simple One Stroke Painting Flowers

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Dimensioning keyways parallel keys

Tapered Keyway

The method of dimensioning a parallel shaft is shown in Fig. 17.15, and a parallel hub in Fig. 17.16. Note that in each case it is essential to show the dimension to the bottom of the keyway measured across the diameter of the shaft and the bore of the hub. This practice cannot be used where either the shaft or hub is tapered, and Fig. 17.17 shows the method of dimensioning a keyway for a square or rectangular parallel key in a tapered shaft, where the keyway depth is shown from the outside...

Using a Manikin for the Study of Anatomy

Anatomy Drawing

The best way to study anatomy is to set up a book of anatomical diagrams before you, and set up an art-Store manikin alongside it. Draw tlie action from the manikin and the muscles from the book. You can also make rough sketches of the manikin itself for general bulk and action only, Just copying anatomical diagrams does not seem very helpful to most students. The muscles must somehow be built upon a frame or figure in order to get their proportion and relationship to the figure as a whole. The...

Inserting Vanishing points

Figures Vanishing Point

For those unfamiliar with the concept of perspective lines, the short definition is it's a means to create three-dimensional objects easily and accurately. I could go into great detail about the various types of perspective lines you can create, but you can find many wonderful books on drawing that explain the technique far better than I can in this book. Be sure to check out Chapter 16 for one of my personal favorite books on drawing comics. If you've done work with perspective lines before,...

The Mouth analysis and structure

Drawing Human Body For Fashion Design

The mouth is made up of two moving parts, the smaller and broader upper lip and the larger and fleshier lower lip. Where the lips join corresponds to a point one-third across each eye AA' BB' . The trapezoidal sulcus is found between the nose and the mouth, its central axis dividing the mouth exactly into two equal parts. Sketches of mouths from different perspectives. Seen in profile the upper lip is more exposed than the lower. All of the visualizations are drawn with the help of lines of...

Also By Andrew Loomis

Andrew Loomis Face Proportions

Figure Drawing for All It's Worth Creative Illustration Drawing the Head and Hands Three-Dimensional Drawing COPYRIGHT 1939 BY ANDREW LOOMIS FIRST PUBLISHED BY THE VIKING PRESS IN MAY 1939 BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY OF CANADA LIMITED REPRODUCED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE IN DECEMBER 2001 All drawings and text within this book are the property of their respective copyholders and should not be reproduced for any reason. They may only be used for the purpose of practice and study. DEDICATED TO EVERYONE WHO...

Aircraft Carrier Sketch

Aircraft Perspective Sketches Examples

When the ellipse is viewed from the front even if you changed the angle from the top to the bottom, this method works fine. This means that the top of the ellipse occurring at a diagonal angle is correct. Another way of looking at this is illustrated in the drawing on the left. tovever, in drawing A, i-e perspective ends up ceinc stranoe and settee. So what do ycu do Consider the fee hat there is aside that rests on the cr-xnd and a side that can ce viewed trom above. When the ellipse is viewed...

Hole Pattern Dimensioning

Pattern Tolerancing

00.25 feature-relatinfl tolerance zone cylinders 6 zones, basically related to each other and oriented to the datum 00.25 feature-relatinfl tolerance zone cylinders 6 zones, basically related to each other and oriented to the datum Actual feature axes must simultaneously lie within both tolerance zones -00.8 pattern-locating tolerance zone cylinders 6 zones, basically related to each other, basically located to the datums Actual feature axes must simultaneously lie within both tolerance zones...

Combined detail and assembly drawings

Simple Assembly Drawings

It is sometimes convenient to illustrate details with their assembly drawing on the same sheet. This practice is particularly suited to small 'one-off' or limited-production-run assemblies. It not only reduces the actual number of drawings, but also the drawing-office time spent in scheduling and printing. Figure 7.5 shows a simple application of an assembly of this type. 7.3 Assembly drawing of gear and bearing Fig. 7.5 Combined detail and assembly drawing of hub-puller