## Info

Map Out the Value Variations in Your Reference Photos Now you can hold your scale up to a picture or scene to judge the values as you work on your drawings. When you draw, you use lines to suggest light and dark values. The grade of pencil, the sharpness of its point, the angle of the point on the paper, the amount of pressure applied to the pencil, and the surface of the paper all influence the values you create. Even the pencil strokes you use influence the values you create on the paper....

## Check This Out

Holding the Pencil (p. 15) Using Basic Shapes (p. 27) Gauging Proportions (p. 28) Creating Values (p. 51) Graphite pencil Drawing board Drawing paper Kneaded eraser Sketch the basic shapes a rectangle for the body and a triangle for the head. Add a baseline to establish the length of the legs.

## Mini Demonstration

You can use a value scale to compare the values of a scene with that of a drawing. Hold the value scale up to the subject and look through the holes punched along the side. Where do the values in the subject fall on the value scale As you begin to compose a drawing (see page 86), it is always best to establish the highlights and very light areas. Sketch those in, then look for where the other values are in the subject. To fill in the other values, one option is to go from the lightest shades of...

## Nuy

Finish adding darks to complete the mug. Add a background and some shadows to further define the image. This type of sketch is also called a continuous line sketch because you draw with one continuous line, drawing outlines and defining value areas. Don't worry about accuracy. This is a fun exercise for loosening up before you draw, and it will sharpen your observation skills. Add more of a challenge by blocking your view of the sketch in progress, letting your hand guess at what the pencil...

## W

This fun drawing explores different textures, such as tree bark and fur. This is another drawing that could easily be made into a greeting card. It could also be framed and given to your favorite niece or nephew. Using the Basic Shapes (p. 27) Gauging Proportions (p. 28) 4H, HB, 4B graphite pencils 11 x 14 (28cm x 36cm) medium-tooth drawing paper Drawing board Kneaded eraser Dividers, proportional dividers or sewing gauge Pencil sharpener Value scale (see page 50) White vinyl eraser Observe the...

## Tdz

One-point perspective is a simple form of linear perspective with only one vanishing point. Remember to always draw the horizon line first, then determine the placement of the vanishing point on the horizon, which should not be far from the center of the scene. First draw the horizon line, then determine the placement of your two vanishing points on either side of the paper on the horizon line. As you work out the perspective of the elements in the scene, extend the parallel lines either up or...

## C

Holding the Pencil (p. 15) Using Basic Shapes (p. 27) Gauging Proportions (p. 28) Creating Values (p. 51) Sketch lines to form the basic body and head structure, including a baseline to establish where the feet will rest. Add circles for the head, chest and rear. This will help you shape the dog's overall form. Add Lines for the Body, Neck and Legs Connect the circles to form the shape of the body and neck. Sketch lines that will indicate the muzzle and the foreground legs. Refine Lines and Add...

## B

Here are some basic lines strokes created with different pencil grades. Hard pencils are good for sharp, crisp line work, and they keep their points longer than soft pencils. Soft-grade pencils can make smooth, dark values. Consider duplicating these pencil strokes as an exercise, then get creative and invent other textures. Different Folks Make Different Strokes If you are right handed, it is natural for you to make lines moving from the upper right to the lower left. But lines may go any...

## J

Woodless pencils have only a thin coating over their thick cores. This is a novel idea, but woodless pencils are prone to breaking, especially when carried in a pocket Use pencils with wood surrounding the core instead. Woodless pencils have only a thin coating over their thick cores. This is a novel idea, but woodless pencils are prone to breaking, especially when carried in a pocket Use pencils with wood surrounding the core instead. To get more miles out of your pencils, use a pencil...

## Practice the Techniques

You will find certain subjects easier to draw than others. For instance, you may have a knack for drawing faces but feel you can't draw a building in perspective to save your life. When you don't feel comfortable with a certain subject, you will probably try to avoid it, but then you will not gain experience working with that subject. Challenge yourself give some of the lessons you may deem more difficult a chance. You might even try some lessons more than once, then compare the results from...

## V

Sketch in the vegetables, the weave of the basket and the jewelry. Add details to the clothing, basket and ear. Erase any obsolete guidelines with a kneaded or white vinyl eraser. Add very light lines to indicate value variations on the face, neck and arm. Use the value scale to check the appropriate value changes. Keep in mind that the light source is at the upper left, so shade accordingly. Lighten some of the pencil work on the forehead, cheek, nose and arm by gently pressing a kneaded...

## Check This

Holding the Pencil (p. 15) Using Basic Shapes (p. 27) Gauging Proportions (p. 28) Creating Values (p. 51) Light Effects (p. 52) Graphite pencil Drawing board Drawing paper Kneaded eraser Sketch the Basic Shapes Sketch the outer shapes of the rocks, varying the sizes and shapes for interest. darks on the rocks. In this case, the light comes from the upper right, so draw lines on the upper right areas of the rocks for the highlights and on the lower left areas for the darkest portions of the...

## Ofu

Sketch the details of the gate, foliage and stones. Erase any unnecessary guidelines with a kneaded eraser. With your value scale as a reference for the rest of this demo, use a 4H pencil to add values to the gate. Direct your pencil lines to follow the grain of the wood. Make the values of the shadowed side of the gate gradate from dark at the top to light toward the bottom. q Add values to the stonework and to the ground around and between the stones with a 4H pencil. (See page 58 for tips on...

## North Light Books

Mark Willenbrink is a freelance illustrator and fine artist whose work has been displayed in fine art shows, with several paintings receiving awards. Mark also teaches art classes and workshops using demonstration, simple instructions and professional tricks to help his students achieve beautiful artwork they can be proud to display. Mary Willenbrink has her master's degree. She is a Christian counselor and author, but feels her highest calling is to be home to raise her children. As a husband...

## Hhis

4H, HB, 4B graphite pencils 14 x 11 (36cm x 28cm) medium-tooth drawing paper Copier paper to be used as a frisket Dividers, proportional dividers or sewing gauge Drawing board Kneaded eraser Value scale (page 50) Pencil sharpener Scissors White vinyl eraser Draw the Basic Shapes of the Head, Neck and Shoulder With a 4H pencil, sketch an egg-shape for the head, in three-quarters view. Sketch the neck and shoulders. Add a circle indicating the shoulder joint. Check your proportions with one of...

## Yif

Understanding Linear P r p t0w Perspective is what gives the illusion of depth to a picture. It affects almost everything we see, if only in subtle ways, which is why it is important to have an understanding of how perspective works. Artists employ two types of perspective linear and atmospheric (also called aerial). Linear perspective involves the use of converging lines and the manipulation of the size and placement of elements within a composition to create the illusion of depth and...

## Wnf

First sketch the wings as a long i i box, using two-point perspective as if looking down on the subject. Add lines for the basic structure of the fuselage and where the rudder and tail stop. These lines share the same perspective as the wings. Add lines for the basic structure of the fuselage and where the rudder and tail stop. These lines share the same perspective as the wings. L Smooth out the lines of the wings and body and add details, including the ellipses of the wheels, engine...

## Lu

Gauging Proportions (p. 28) Rocks (p. 60) Gauging Proportions (p. 28) Rocks (p. 60) 4H, HB, 4B graphite pencils 11 x 14 (28cm x 36cm) medium-tooth drawing paper Dividers, proportional dividers or sewing gauge Drawing board Kneaded eraser Value scale (see page 50) Erasing shield Pencil sharpener White vinyl eraser Lightly sketch the outer shapes of the foliage with a 4H pencil. Sketch the Basic Lines of the Walk and Gate Start by sketching the stone walk and the opening for the gate using a 4H...

## Drawing Accurately Proportion Pics

Add values over the lines to give the scene depth and definition, and to make it look more realistic. Gauging proportions is as simple as making sure that the width and height of the objects in your drawing are proportionally similar to those in your reference. Believable art starts with correct proportions, so learning how to gauge proportions accurately will be invaluable. You don't need to know the actual inches or cen Gauging Proportions can be done by measuring each part of the subject...

## X

With the 4H pencil, add value and form to the apples with light lines that follow their contours. Use uniform pencil strokes to make the surfaces look smooth. Add Darker Values to the Apples and Lighter Values to the Bananas With the HB pencil, darken the shadow areas of the apples. With the 4H pencil, indicate the lighter values of the bananas. Check your work with the value scale. Add the Darker Values of the Bananas and Finish With Shadows and Background With the HB pencil, shade the darker...

## His

4H, HB, 4B graphite pencils 11 x 14 (28cm x 36cm) medium-tooth drawing paper Dividers, proportional dividers or sewing gauge Drawing board Kneaded eraser Erasing shield Pencil sharpener Value scale (see page 50) < White vinyl eraser Draw the Cylinder of the Watering Can With a 4H pencil, sketch a square, slightly tapered at the bottom. Draw a guideline above the square to help you place the top of the ellipse. Add height to the lines on the side, then sketch the top and bottom ellipses. Use...

## Eyx

Two-point perspective employs the same principles as one-point spective. The first object you draw will help you determine the perspective but with an additional vanishing point. Two-point relative sizes of any other objects in the composition. perspective can give a scene more depth than one-point per- Notice the man and the dog also have invisible parallel lines that need to be drawn through just like those of the boxes Extend the parallel lines toward the two vanishing points Extend the...

## Sketching Drawing

Sketching and drawing are two different things. A sketch is a work in progress. You may sketch to observe your subject matter or to resolve questions regarding a drawing you are working on. A sketch may help you understand the values of a subject, or gain more understanding of the subject's structure, proportions and placement of its compositional elements. Sketches like these may progress toward a more finished drawing. On the other hand, (no pun intended ) drawing is an activity that is begun...

## Simple Human Perspective

To a beginner, full compositions can seem overwhelming. Just remember, most elaborate drawings are just a grouping of smaller drawings. This particular drawing is made up of three main subjects the building, the tree left of the building and the sheep. Approach it with the idea that each is a separate drawing that contributes to the whole. Take your time, be patient with yourself and enjoy the process. Gauging Proportions p. 28 Creating Values p. 51 Measuring Angles p. 30 Leafy Trees p. 56...

## Lets Draw

Good drawing skills are developed through observation and practice. Try drawing the same demo more than once and compare your results. You will probably be surprised by the level of improvement you have made. Each demo is done in two stages. In the first stage, you'll work through structural drawing. In the second stage you'll apply values with pencil strokes. As you work through these demos, write the date in the corner of each drawing and sign it. By doing this, you...

Add details such as the headlights, grill, windows and interior. Keep in mind that the cutouts for the wheel are shaped differently from the wheels themselves. Add some shading to the wheels and shadow under the car. Add Details and Shade Add more details to complete the car, such as wheel covers and chrome trim. Erase obsolete lines. Shade the form, using uniform line work to create a smooth appearance. Add another layer of darks to the wheels and shadows, giving them more contrast against the...

## Car Sketch In Perspective

Sketch the basic shapes, chisel out the shape of the train, and add feature lines. Next add the shading, paying close attention to subtle value changes. Sketch the basic shapes, chisel out the shape of the train, and add feature lines. Next add the shading, paying close attention to subtle value changes. This is a Facel Vega, a French sports car built in the 1950s and 1960s. This is a fun lesson to practice dissecting your subjects by first looking for the basic shapes, remembering the rules of...

## Sketch Of Pencil And Eraser

If you want to draw a thin line, you will need a sharp point on the tip of your pencil. You can sharpen your pencils in two ways with a pencil sharpener or by hand, using a craft knife and a sandpaper pad. Pencil Sharpeners Are the Simplest Way to Keep Pencils Sharp A pencil sharpener is the quickest and easiest way to keep the tips of your pencils sharp. Pencil Sharpeners Are the Simplest Way to Keep Pencils Sharp A pencil sharpener is the quickest and easiest way to keep the tips of your...

## How To Draw Black Cat Anime Drawing By Pencil

Add Reflections and Final Darks and Details Add reflections with back-and-forth horizontal strokes using a 4H pencil. Lightly indicate distant water and trees near the horizon. Add some darks to the boats with a 4B pencil and darken much of the foreground boat with the 4H pencil. Add some simple seagull shapes with a 4H pencil. Sign and date your artwork. Graphite on drawing paper 11 X 14 28cm X 36cm Acid-free paper. Paper that has not been processed with acid. Acid can cause paper to yellow...

## Realistic Faces

Hardcover with concealed wire-o binding, 304 The Drawing Bible is the definitive drawing resource for all artists Craig Nelson clearly explains basic drawing principles and shows you how to use a wide variety of drawing mediums, both black-and-white and color. Demonstrations and beautiful finished art throughout will instruct and inspire you, and the book's chunky size and spiral binding make it convenient to use and easy to carry anywhere. by Carrie Stuart Parks ISBN-13 978-1-58180-216-0...