Location of the Horizon

The horizon is the eye level of the artist (viewer). The location of the horizon on the sheet will ultimately determine the location of the principal elements. It will also divide the sheet into two horizontal bands that may or may not complement each other. This horizontal division of the sheet is extremely important in the composition of a sketch. One should avoid placing the horizon across the center of the page. It divides the sheet into two equal portions and produces a static and boring...

Equipment

The style and quality of markers are constantly improving. Henry C. Pitz, in his book Sketching with the Felt-tip Pen (1959), referred to the felt-tip pen as the new tool. At that time it was a new invention and was certainly a novelty to artists. The marker has since evolved into one of the most popular drawing media, replacing pen. pencil, and other color media. It is widely used for a number of good reasons it is simple to work with it dries fast and it usually does not smudge it comes in...

Successful Sketch

A good sketch is like a breath of fresh air. Looking at it should be an enlightening experience. The subject matter should be interesting, the composition should be appropriate and pleasing, and viewers must be able to see themselves in the picture rather than functioning merely as onlookers. The line should be forceful and should flow in a meaningful way. The strokes of the marker and the colors you use should evoke a sense of relaxation and freedom. Sketch beyond the four borders of the...

Framing

The four corners of the paper create dynamic interest and lead the eye away from the sheet. This situation should be corrected by reshaping the sheet with stoppers (Figure a), such as trees, bushes, rocks, human figures, or a corner of a building (Figure b). Their job is to form an edge perpendicular to the diagonal in order to prevent the eye from moving away from the point of interest. They also function as the foreground subject and should be rendered with bold and heavy strokes. Stoppers...

Seeing

Since sketching records visual experience, the art of seeing and the things we see are indeed the crucial factors in sketching. Learning to see is the most important step in learning about life drawing. Since the sketching process records visual experience, the art of seeing and the things we see are indeed crucial factors. Most of our visual experiences have to do with a perceived message. People endow the objects they see with a certain meaning, which is factual and utilitarian. For example,...

Basic Technique Line

A line is a straight or curved connection between two points. It defines a spatial edge that separates a mass from a space. It delineates detail and renders the effects of a light source. It brings out the three-dimensional quality of an object. Line can be expressed in many ways according to width, length, density, orientation. and appearance. Marker line produces texture and tone easily due to nib variations. Line quality is an evaluation of line function, type, movement, and expression. A...

Wide NibMarker Lines

Lined Paper With Drawing Space

The wide-nib marker is a unique drawing tool because of its broad V2- to Winch felt nib. As a tone medium, it is ideal for filling in areas between lines. As a line medium, the broad strokes can quickly define an area and therefore simplify the sketch. Semitransparent juxtapositioning of broad strokes injects new life and char- , ,, , , one stroke (define the shape) acter into a drawing by giving it contrast and motion. The application of the wide-nib marker to sketching is similar to the use...

The Art of Seeing

Kevin Lynch, in his book Image of the City (MIT Press, 1961). described edges, landmarks, nodes, and paths as the prime visual attractions of the city. Seeing in sketching is quite similar. The three major categories in formal perception are Skyline look for the mass, landmarks, nodes, and figure ground relationship (Figure a). Light shade contrast identify the light source, as it helps to pictorialize the shape of the masses (Figure b). Lines, paths, and edges these help to identify...

Sketching

Female Anatomy Line Drawings

There are two types of sketching life drawing, (i.e., you sketch what you see) or recall sketching (i.e sketching from memory). Sketching is a very complicated interactive process between the eyes and the hands. In the course of transforming real images into symbols, one goes through three distinct stages object identification, shape simplification, and finally image recording. Keep in mind that this is an oversimplified analysis of the sketching process. What...

Basic Technique Tone

Different Figure Drawing Techniques

Tonal value can be achieved either through textural density or varying line widths. It is used in most sketches to increase the feeling of depth and to bring out the three-dimensional quality of the various components Generally speaking, the sun side should be brighter less dense than the shaded side. The shadow pattern is often rendered in black, dark gray, or dense, thick lines. Tonal contrast is important in reading depth, so a substantial white area should be preplanned and reserved in...

Special Perspective

Sketching Fundamentals

Bird's-eye views are among the most frequently used perspectives for special effects in sketching. The behavior of the horizontal parallel lines is the same as in ordinary perspectives. However, the vertical parallel lines can be drawn either parallel or converging to a point below Figure a or above Figure b the horizon line This shift of parallelism exaggerates the scale and extends the sense of height. This technique is often used to sketch tall objects such as highrises or monuments. Title...

Threepoint Perspective

Two Point Perspective Abstract Paintings

Three-point perspective is a combination of one- and two-point perspectives. It is a spinoff of a one-point perspective because of the horizontal extension of the frontal plane Figure a . The drawing will be extremely distorted unless the frontal plane is bent. This creates a curved picture plane frontal plane , which functions as a fisheye or wide-angle lens Figure b . The purpose is to widen and broaden the coverage, enhancing our normal perceptual experience and minimizing distortion

Basic Technique Texture

Types Texture Sketch

Texture consists of semiabstract graphic symbols that signify the surface or material of the drawn object. The tonal effect of texture also helps to enhance the sensation of depth in two-dimensional representation. There are two basic types of texture lines and dots screens . The meaning and effect of these textures depend upon the interpretation of size, overall density, line orientation, spacing, and overall tonal effect. Line texture can be divided into parallel and nonparallel better known...

Markers and Watercolor

Manga Shade Techniques For Sketch

Although the effect of marker sketching is quite similar to that of watercolor, the two media are actually quite different in nature and application. Markers strive for instant effect. The colors are premixed and come ready to use. The result is bright, loud, and perhaps pungent both to the eyes and the nose. On the other hand, watercolor must be mixed it takes time to achieve the desired effect it is light, quiet, and reserved. However, despite the differences in style and personality between...

Perceptual Interpretation

Sketching Mouth

According to Erwin Panofsky .Studies in Iconology. Humanistic Themes in the Art of the Renaissance. Icon Editions. 1972 , there are two major ways of interpreting perceptual experience in terms of either formal or factual meaning. Formal perception is a conglomerate of certain patterns of color, line, and volume that constitutes an image. It captures the silhouette of the image and carries no specific meaning or message. This experience takes place during the first instant of an entire...

Special Techniques Mixing Colors

Colored Pencil Techniques

One of the most intriguing techniques in marker sketching is called mixing, or blending. It takes advantage of the transparent nature of markers by blending different colors one on top of the other to create new colors and to produce new effects. For example, mixing and blending different shades of green on a tree canopy produces a more realistic appearance. Likewise, lighter spots on dark blue water tend to capture the sparkles and reflective nature of the water's surface. Plain marker strokes...

Gray Markers

Stylization Drawing

A gray marker is ideal for the creation of tone. However, the result is often unpredictable and the effects are inconsistent. The warm-gray and cool-gray ranges are excellent tone media. There is not much perceivable difference between two consecutive grays for better and sharper differentiation, try skipping at least one shade. Warm-gray is better for blending with other colors. Cool-gray has a metallic appearance and tends to stand out. Title Building in Boston Original size 24 x 30 inches...

Types of Lines

Types Sketching

lines drawn with even pressure, pulled from left to right fine point Figure a on page 16 lines drawn in a series of short pauses at random intervals, with the marker remaining on the paper fine point lines drawn in a series of short pauses at random intervals, with the marker removed from the paper fine point lines drawn with a pointed-nib marker, varying the pressure on the point Figure b on page 16 lines drawn with a pointed-nib marker, twisting and varying the pressure casual, short...

Where To Buy Aquabee Felt Tip Marker Paper

Art Marker Pointednib

The character of a sketch relies a great deal upon the surface on which it is drawn. Pay close attention to the type of paper you use and understand its characteristics as you get acquainted with your markers. There are many choices, and you should discover your favorites by a process of trial and error. In general, avoid papers that can be penetrated and that bleed easily, unless you desire a special effect. The beginner should try Aqua-bee felt-tip-marker paper, which has a waxy coating on...

Balance

Asymmetrical Balance Sketch

Shift the viewing position or change the sheet format to create the feeling of occult or asymmetrical balance, which is dynamic and interesting. It employs the juxtaposi-tioning of mass and space to create a perceived but not obvious balance The mass space relationship is often contradictory in texture, color, and shape, but the areas should be kept relatively similar. Occult balance has a built-in system and tension and should not be misunderstood as random...

Natural Scenery

Scenery Sketching

When drawing natural scenery, the frontal plane is often nonexistent, because identifiable reference planes established by built elements are not present. Under such circumstances, one should not rely on the reference planes to establish the benchmark for measurement and scale. The best way to sketch in this situation is to outline the edges of the three major visual fields i.e., those between foreground. middleground. and background . These edges should be bold and heavy, emphasizing only the...

Picture Plane

Sketching Planes

Sketching records a three-dimensional scene onto a two-dimensional surface. Before the image is drawn, it must be temporarily captured on a hypothetical plane called the picture frame. This function is very similar to that of the camera, in which the image is recorded on film in less than a second. The picture frame is used to determine the size of the sketch and the amount of the coverage. It frames those objects that you want to sketch and blocks out the undesirable ones Figure a . The...