## Drawing Cubic Objects

Note that the broken "guidelines" indicate that the table Is a cubic form.

You can use the same "office" pencil that you ve been using, but now get several drawing pads. They come in varying sizes: 9" x 12" (23 x 30 cm.), 11" x 14" (28 x 35 5 cm.). 12" x 18" (30 x 46 cm.), 14" x 17" (35.5 x 43 cm ), 19" x 24" (48 x 61 cm.). Don't let a salesperson sell you any fancy or expensive paper; its not necessary at this stage of your development Besides you're going to use reams of it just doing the exercises. So get the cheapest- il will be perfectly adequate in Ihese beginning projects.

### CUBIC FORMS IN EVERYDAY THINGS

Now you'll see why bare boxes were dwelt on for so long. You should have been able to see what happens to a cubic form as you turn it. lower it. and raise it. The figures on this and the following page represent only some of the thousands of objects that have the cube as their underlying structure. As a rule, they won't be perfect equilateral cubes. But whether they're long, narrow. and thin or short wide, and th ck they'll still conform to the cube by having a top. a bottom, and four sides.

width of the top plane of these ob|ects. Ooserve the relation of the sides to each other and also to the width and height of the entire object.

If the television set or the range are loo difficult for you at this stage, then draw a suitcase or a box of matches When you've gained mere confidence you can return to the more complex subjects.

Tackle everything! If your hand -s still a bit reluctant to do your bidding, let it lag. It will catch up with your demands- it always does. The training of your eye to ooserve, weigh, and to compare correct relationships is more important For the moment, let your drawing be abored or even crude, as long as it's correct. Be assured that lacility will come in time.

### HANDLING DETAIL

When you're sure that the overall proportions ol your objects are correct, proceed to the details it may nave. For example, with a television, judge the distance that a knob might be from its edge, as well as the knob's size in relation to the width of the plane that it occupies. Is the knob centered on that plane7 If not, how much off-center is it?

If your object is a table and its detail consists only ol legs to be added to its top, how thick are these egs in re.ation to their height or the width of the side panel? II your object is a bookcase and ts detail consists o" books within it. what's the heighl and width ol the book in the center of the shell? How short and thick is the next one?

This is important: the large planes and dimensions must be established correctly You can then subdivide the large shapes into smaller ones, and Ihese in turn should be divided again until you get to the minutest detail.

Using your bookcase as an example, its overall proportions must be established lirst; then the placement ol the shelf or shelves shot d be determ ned. Next, the books can be delineated in Iheir proper width and height, followed by the deta'l on the spine of each book

Note that the broken "guidelines" indicate that the table Is a cubic form.

### SEARCHING WITH LINES

Wilh Ihis in mind, draw your television sel, a box of tissues, one of your tab es, ana your kitchen range, etc. Sit with your pad on your knees and notice the ength compared to the

All live objects here are below eye level. Note that each object reveals its top plane and two of its sides.

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