Using the Colored Pencil

Pencil Drawing Instruction

The effects of pencil pressure on a paper's surface can be seen in this close-up view, The dark area at top is dense pigmeni material deposited on the paper with heavy pressure. Few visible flecks of white remain of the paper's valleys. The granular area at bottom represents the same dark pigment material applied with light pressure deposited only on the paper's hills. A major difference between colored and graphite pencils is that the colored pencils are semiopaque. a quality that can loosely...

Evaluating Shapes

Pencil Draw Exercises

The key to this drawing, for Richard Bolton, was the shapes of the windows The car was beaten and bent, so the artist could have arranged them to suit himself, but he chose not to. He concentrated on nothing but the outline drawing of the car and once that was right, he began to establish some values to give the correct planes to all the pieces of metal. The windows in this drawing are an example of when it is necessary to draw very precisely around objects rather than roughly suggesting them....

Drawing Portraits

Using the pencil to get a likeness is a great challenge for the portrait artist. Simply because of its pointed precision, pencil encourages a greater interest in the details than in the whole. A case in point is around the eyes, where artists' fingers often irresistably make precise pencil marks. It's excusable to pick out some details just for navigational points, but it's best to keep moving to other parts of the portrait. Starting with a close-up analysis of the eye, this section shows with...

Drawing For Watergolors

Notice that every drawing in this section contains just enough information for painting and that the arrangement of pencil or Conte lines tells the artist what to emphasize. Study each drawing with this in mind, and in your own work develop a system of noting shapes and textures, so that you resolve the plan for your painting during this preliminary stage. Putting excitement and vigor in your watercolor paintings depends on your ability to capture in pencil the very essence of a subject, so...

Using a Colorless Blender

Artist Expression Colored Pencil

Using colored pencils with an unpig-mented art marker is unlike any other technique used with this medium. It otters an opportunity to manipulate a painting surface in a particularly gestural and energetic way. There are usually three basic steps in the process. 1. For this quick study of a few tangelos on a patterned field, artist Bet Borgeson used Prismacolor pencils to rough in the elements on a sheet of regular drawing paper. (Art-quality pencils blend smoothly with colorless markers, and...

Fundamentals Of Drawing

It is very important to learn to draw things as you see them realistically. That is, you must reproduce the dimensions and proportions of a given subject. To render a faithful, realistic drawing, you must be able to observe the basic structure of an object, regardless of how complex and obscured by detail it may be. You must train not only your hands but your eyes as well. In this section you'll learn how to see the four forms that comprise the basic structure of all existing objects. Once...

Effects of Burmshing

Pencil Drawings Stems

Colored pencil burnishing is a versatile technique. It is also one that must be actually done for a full appreciation of its possibilities for fine manipulation of a drawing's surface. Like most techniques 1 hat rely on heavy pencil pressures. burnishing also can give a drawing a painterly quality. Although the elements in this next drawing include a variety of object surfaces including glazed ceramic ware and a rubbery jade plant all these surfaces can be burnished and all with different...

Developing a Discerning

Cool Pencil Drawings Eyes

A good eye for color is worth striving for. Sometimes this ability seems intuitive. but in more cases than not. it has been patiently learned. Two areas of skill are involved in developing a good eye for color. One is an ability to recognize and describe a color, whatever its surroundings, in terms of its three dimensions. With this ability, you can make rapid judgments about an existing color mixture's relevance or usefulness. The second area of skill, which grows out of the first, is an...

Interpreting a Cluttered Scene

Ferdinand Petrie

This is a case where there were just too many boats. With a maze of masts, hulls, lines, reflections, buildings, and fishermen, it was difficult for Ferdinand Petrie to know where to start. He knew immediately that he could not include everything so he concentrated on the buildings on the right and the two small boats tied to the pier. He faded the rest of the boats and eliminated the last two on the left altogether. He used all of his darks in the foreground and left out all the texture on the...

Achieving a Painterly Effect

Painterly Effects Fashion

To see how using colored pencils with a solvent differs from using them dry. compare these two similar quick sketches. Bet Borgeson planned to draw the lily on the left, using colored pencils as a dry medium. She planned to paint its twin-in-reverse on the right, using colored pencils as a wet medium. 1. The beginning for both sketches was the same, despite the artist's plan to draw one and paint the other. She used a sheet of two-ply white Strathmore bristol for her paper surface. Colored and...

Smudging the Pencil

Pencil Drawings Deer Scenes

This drawing, done in Ferdinand Petrie's studio, illustrates the effect you can get by smudging the pencil. He used a 2B pencil, varying the pressure, and then used a paper stump or smudging. Many of the lighter tones were done with the stump itself. At right is the same drawing done on-the-spot. He used 6H and 4H pencils for the light values, 2H and HB pencils for the middle tones, and a 4B for the dark tones. The artist feels Ihis drawing has a much nicer quality because the individual...

Drawing Small Animals

Pencil Drawings Animals

The gray squirrel is basically arboreal, It builds nests in trees and is perfectly at ease leaping acrobatically from branch to branch. Note the sharp claws that allow the squirrel to climb and grip the thinnest branches. Squirrels come down from trees to bury nuts and other food, and to get from tree to tree when they cannot leap. A gray squirrel's eye is all pupil and almost perfectly round. The artist lightly toned the inside of the ear to show its thin translucent tissue against the light...

Drawing Areas of Interest

John Blockley Watercolor

Interesting to show this grindstone from the underside rather than from a more crouched down in the grass to draw it. As he drew, he carefully studied the construction of the various parts. He farmer's ingenious improvisations supporting the grindstone on two steel bars pushed into a stone wall resting in the front on a stone slab. The artist used a sharp pencil to suggest the taut curves of the forged handle and a stick of graphite for the heavier tones and strong perspective, he increased _...

How To Shade Anime Hair

Stretches With Pencil Shading

As for the mechanics of this drawing of Oliver Rodin, a relative of the great sculptor August Rodin, you can see that the light comes from the windows in back of him, outlining his head and arms and shining through his white hair. Notice, however, that the hair tones around the forehead and ear appear rather dark, seeming to belie their true whiteness. The reason is that his hair doesn't have a smooth, planar surface like his shirt does, but instead has many tiny ridges and canyons formed by...

Composing Objects with Basic Forms

Dlesticks is vital to attaining their correct shape. Draw the center line through your object as the artist has done see below . Next, draw the left contour of your object then flop your drawing over. Register your center line and trace the contour of the right side from your left one onto another sheet of paper. Both sides of your object should now be perfectly alike symmetrical. Then, taking still another sheet of paper, trace the entire object and refine your drawing by eliminating any...

Using Initial Sketches to Refine Drawings

As you search for the correct width, height, or depth of a plane, you'll draw many inaccurate lines. Don'l erase them. Keep searching with other lines until you feel satisfied that you've got the right ones. Accent your correct lines by bearing down on them with your pencil. Place a fresh sheet of paper over your object and pick out only the correct lines, as Rudy De Reyna did with the drawings in this section. You can see that the artist drew all the objects in two stages. In the drawing on...

Drawing a Teenager

Pencil Drawing Teenage Face

In this portrait of Cathy, the artist drew the face in light tones to portray a soft freshness. At the same time he avoided any slavishly smooth lines that might make the drawing hard and mechanical-looking. Long, straightish hair lends itself to swinging pencil strokes more than short hair does and the artist couldn't resist erasing out highlights on the hair to enhance it further. The strands hanging on each side reflect almost equal amounts of light, but they are different shapes and sizes....

Planning Your Composition

Pencil Rendering Grasses

The charm of drawing is that, like handwriting, everyone has his or her own different style that has developed with observation, concentration, and practice. However, with drawing, il is important nol to be fixed or rigid. 1 Varying the medium can make a difference. as can the speed at which you execute a drawing. With every drawing, spend a minute beforehand to decide whether you need a sludious, highly detailed drawing or a swift set of visual notes for future reference. Sometimes Richard...

Creating Structure with Color

Aircraft Perspective Sketches

Try this simple experiment, which contains a key to how color can be used in creating a drawing's structure. With a black pencil, draw the schematic shown of a circle within a rectangle, and the rectangle divided lengthwise by a line. The elements of this little drawing appear flat, with no feeling of dimensionality. Still using a black pencil, add an illusion of form and space by diagonally hatching the area above the bisecting horizon line, and by adding some light horizontal strokes to...

Landscapes Drawings

Drawing Landscapes

How to Handle the Pencil 10-11 Creating Values 12-13 Creating Forms 14 Fundamental Strokes 15 Eye Level The Foundation of Perspective 18-21 Using Initial Sketches to Refine Drawings 25 Drawing Cylindrical Objects 26-28 Drawing the Cylinder First 29 Drawing Spherical Objects 30-31 Drawing Conical Objects 32 Composing Objects with Basic Forms 33 Creating Textures with Lines and Strokes 36-37 Seeing the Landscape as Values 38-39 Building Your First Drawing 40-43 Creating a Dark Value Pattern 44...

Developing Dark Values

Boats The Harbor Drawn Pencil

In this drawing the artist had a problem with the sun. The only position he could take to make the painting work was to look directly into the sun, which made the larger boat, the reflections, and the pier area very dark. He decided to maintain that effect, so he kept the dark values in the same pattern. By making the distant shore very light in value, he didn't interfere with the silhouette of the boats. An additional element was introduced with the dock and the boat in the foreground. Because...

Drawing the Cylinder First

Cooking Pot Drawing

The artist first drew a true cylinder, then 2. He darkened the correct lines, then placed a fresh sheet determined the sides of the pot and the width of its rim. of paper over the drawing and transferred the darkened lines, thereby cleaning up his drawing. Cooking Pot, 1. Again, Ihe artist drew the entire geometric cylinder first. He observed the depth and the width of the pol m relation to its height, and indicated the dimensions of the 2. Here's the refined drawing of the...

Adding Interest to a Flat Landscape

Landscape Pencil Drawing

Salt marshes and meadowlands make interesting subjects for drawings and paintings. The flatness of the land and the water snaking through the grass make it easy to guide the viewer's eye into the drawing. Although long pictures can be interesting, the artist feels there is often too much area of no interest. To avoid that problem in this scene, he moved the house on the right into the picture, eliminating most of the large tree bank. To make the water the center of interest, he shortened the...

Pencil Drawings Of Eyes

Pencil Drawings Eyes

The eyes are the most significant facial feature in a portrait. They convey so much of a person's feelings and personality. Portraitist Douglas Graves describes the best way to draw the eye below. In the three demonstrations that follow. notice that the artist used tone rather than line in rendering the steps. In a smudgy way, he attempted to convey the depth of the eye in the socket, the roundness of the lid, and the dark presence of the pupil. To suggest sparkling eyes, try a black carbon...

Introduction

There's nothing like good teaching when you starl a new project it's wonderful when there's someone there who can give you direction, answer your questions, keep you on track, and, after you've mastered tried and true methods, encourage you to experiment with new techniques. When you're able to confer with more than just one teacher, you can benefit from the fresh observations and ideas each instructor has to offer. Each one can present you with individual challenges you couldn't get with just...

Recording Character in Detail

Pencil Drawing Techniques

The artist found nothing particularly magical about the shape of this battered, old wooden wheelbarrow, but he liked the very clear textures of the grain in the planks of wood. He decided that this grain would be just as effective depicted in pencil as it would be in paint, so he made two careful, studied pencil drawings. The grain you see here is simply the result of study and carofully weighted values. This fine detail is easy to portray when you have an array of pencil drawing techniques...

Changing Value

Nature Scene Pencil

There are three basic ways of changing the value of a colored pencil's color 1. Changes in pencil pressure. As more or less whiteness of paper is allowed to show through, the value of a color will appear darker or lighter 2A. Overlaying a medium-to-dark color with a white pencil. This lightens value. 2B. Overlaying any color with black will darken its value. 3A amp B. Overlaying a color with another color, lighter or darker than itself. This method also causes changes in hue

Building Your First Drawing

Pencil Drawings Barns

The subject of this demonstration is relatively simple, but it does include different kinds of textures wood, stone, shingle, trees, and grass. These surfaces were all rendered in a different manner. In the first drawing the artist made the values exactly as he saw them. There are light trees in the background, and dark dirt and grass in the foreground. A strong light from the right strikes the front of the barn. This isn't good, since the dark side of the barn and the foreground all run...

Drawing Reflections in Water

Drawing Reflections Water

You can become confused with so many rules about reflections however, a few basic observations should be noted. 1. In an enclosed harbor the water often will become as smooth as glass. The boat in this drawing is in water that has very few ripples. Many mistakes are made in thinking that reflections are a reverse of the object. Notice in the drawing that the reflection is not simply a tracing of the boat turned upside down. You are looking down at the boat, but in the reflection you are looking...

Drawing Conical Objects

Seashell Realistic Drawing

The last of the four basic forms is the cone. Probably the first object that pops into your mind is an ice cream cone. But there are bottles, glasses, lampshades, bowls, and many other man-made objects with shapes based upon a cone. There are also countless creations of nature sea shells, flowers, and trees with conical shapes. When you begin to draw conical objects, remember that a cone is a solid mass that tapers uniformly from a circular base to a point. Look for this form first in the...

Creating Forms

Harbor Pencil Sketches

One of the most difficult problems of drawing is creating a three-dimensional form on a flat piece of paper. The best demonstration of producing three-di-mensions is with a drawing of a cube that has height, width, and depth. If there is a flat overall light on a cube, it is difficult to see the light side, the middle tone side, and the shadow side. When a single light is directed on the cube you will be able to see the height, width, and depth. Each surface of the cube will have a value, and...

Flower with Tonal Technique

Green Pencil Color Flower

It is in the subtle gradations of layered tonal effects that colored pencils excel. The demonstration subject here is a flower a single peony. The artist wanted the flower to emerge from its foliage background. To do this she employed a finely grained and non-directional tonal technique. 1. The artist used a few thumbnail roughs to work out the composition's basic color scheme a split-complementary of green, red-orange, and red-violet. This initial color scheme was, of course, tentatively...

Simplifying a Busy Scene

Back Ground Pencil Drawing For Animation

Here is an example of a very confusing scene. Too many Irees create a diversion that cuts the scene in sections. The artist eliminated most of the trees along the road to avoid cutting the drawing in half. He left a few trees in the background around the house. The artist felt the road would look more interesting if it was going over a hill, than just left flat. He left the posts along the road to bring the viewer's eye into the picture. The posts and the fence give the scene some movement in...

Flowers on Paper with Gesso Surface

Burnishing With Color Pencils

Sometimes a tonal drawing can benefit from a textured surface. Polymer gesso is an excellent surface, with a texture more varied than that provided by a machine-patterned paper. This is a ready-made product, resembling thick cream, and sold in art supply stores under many brand names. It is fast drying, and a single coat of it brushed on a sheet of drawing paper yields a textured, flexible, brilliant white surface. Drawing tonally on this surface emphasizes a brushed texture, which becomes an...

Tonal Techniques

Colored Pencil Techniques

In the sense that graphite pencils work best with the linear form of expression, colored pencils work best with the tonal Tonal drawing refers to the effect produced by pencil strokes applied so closely together and so compactly that they appear to merge. This is done without smudging or rubbing, and the tones achieved in this way lose almost all suggestion of line. HOW TONE IS ACHIEVED WITH COLORED PENCILS Tones are made with a colored pencils point sharp, dull, or blunt or with its shaft the...

Creating Textures with Lines and Strokes

Pencil Drawing Texture

As you start to draw from nature, you will want to indicate textures such as stone, wood, grass, shingles, etc. Not only will this give your drawings authenticity, but it will also add liveliness and interest. Remember, however, that you are not copying an object, but indicating it this means that you do not want to strive for a photographic copy, but, you do want to combine values and strokes to simulate the quality of the object's texture. When lines and tones are combined, you achieve the...

Eye Level The Foundation of Perspective

Pencil Sketches Furniture Objects

Many students fail in their attempts at drawing because they're unaware of eye level. Actually, it's such a simple concept, so seemingly obvious, that perhaps it's this very quality that causes it to be overlooked. Eye level refers to the height at which your eyes observe an object. You may want to write this sentence and place it where you can see it often, so that it becomes part of you. It's that important to your development as an artist. To actually demonstrate what is meant by eye level,...

Drawing Dogs

Tiger Movement Drawing

Here is the hunting animal on the job with tail cocked, nose alert for scents, muscles tensed for constant action. The artist began by completely drawing in the dog's outline and indicating its more important muscle, tendon, and bone structures in the torso and legs. At this stage, he was most concerned with getting the animal's shape, proportions, and attitude as correct as possible. 2. Here, the artist was concerned with values. Since this is a short-haired dog, the values will be closely...

Drawing Horses

Horses Jumping Drawings

To begin, the artist drew in the outline of the animal. Then he marked j a few indentations to indicate bone or muscle groupings such as in the , shoulders and the point of the hip. He ' took care to show the shapes of the tail and the forelock and the placement of the eyes and nostrils. He marked off the junction of the hairline and hoofs, and he showed the protrusion of the elbow. 2. At this stage the artist established the light source and placed the shaded areas lightly on the right side...

Drawing Spherical Objects

Easy Pencil Drawings Fruits

Besides the obvious, perfect spheres that form the structure of a ball whether a golf, tennis, or basketball there are those objects which have shapes based on the sphere in one form or another. An egg, a nut, an apple, and an orange all have a modified sphere as their basic underlying form. Objects such as a bowl, a cup, and a tea kettle can be based on part of a sphere. DEPARTURES FROM THE GEOMETRIC SPHERE The departures from the geometric sphere may be quite radical at times, but all the...

Drawing a Cottontail Rabbit

Rabbit Pencil Drawings

The artist drew the outline of a rabbit squatting in a very alert position so it can feed without being disturbed. Note that all lines pertaining to the animal's proportions and actions are included. The eye is somewhat more finished off than the rest of the features. To indicate folds and breaks in form, the artist used dark strokes. 2. With short brisk strokes, the artist shaded in all the fur making sure to follow the patterns of the forms and muscles. There are no hard edges anywhere...

Selecting Colored Pencils

Dersonal experience is the best guide lo finding the brands ot colored pencils most useful to you. Here are some of the pencils now available, with a few brief remarks about them A. Berol Prismacolor USA Excellent, smooth lay-down superior hue saturation and soft, thick leads. B. Venus Spectracolor USA Close runner-up to A C. Derwent Studio Great Britain Adequate lay-down hue saturation less strong than A and B medium-soft, thick lead. D. Niji Japan Similar in quality to C but fashioned as...

Drawing a Harbor Scene

Harbour Pencil Drawing

Simplify the harbor scene if there are 200 boats in the harbor, don't try to indicate 199 of them. Select a few that make an interesting pattern and forget the rest. It is also a good idea to draw a moveable object first. There is nothing more frustrating than to be half-finished with a harbor scene drawing and have the boats leave. The shacks, docks, and trees will always be around, but the fishermen have a habit of moving their boats at the wrong time. In this harbor scene, an early...

Using Colored Pencils with a Solvent

Prismacolor Pencils Over Watercolor

All colored pencils are to some degree turpentine soluble, but only some brands are water soluble. Those that are water soluble include the Caran D'Ache Supracolor, Venus Watercolor-ing, and Mongol brands. The Pris-macolor and Spectracolor brands are among those that are not water soluble. For the look that most closely resembles watercolor or painting, the water soluble pencils work best. Pencils that are only turpentine soluble also yield a fluid and painterly effect, but they do so with less...

Drawing Cylindrical Objects

Object Drawing Three Eye Level

After doing so many drawings with straight lines, you can probably do them now with ease and confidence. They'll become still easier as you continue with future projects. But if you're to draw objects based on the cylinder, the cone, or the sphere, you must also practice drawing the curved lines that form them. Hold your pencil still the ordinary office kind in the position you prefer the usual writing one, or under your palm. Swing your arm from your elbow, and even from the shoulder, if you...

Practice Exercises

Orthographic Projection Exercises

Collect four boxes and draw them at different distances below eye level. You might place them on top of one another and draw the topmost first remove it and draw the second, and so on until you've drawn the fourth. Notice that as you come down to the lowest box, you see more of its top plane than you did on the first box. Compare the top planes of all four of them when you've finished. This type of practice exercise is indispensible. It doesn't result in a drawing worthy of being hung on a...

Drawing Cubic Objects

Sketches Cubic Objects

Note that the broken guidelines indicate that the table Is a cubic form. You can use the same office pencil that you ve been using, but now get several drawing pads. They come in varying sizes 9 x 12 23 x 30 cm. , 11 x 14 28 x 35 5 cm. . 12 x 18 30 x 46 cm. , 14 x 17 35.5 x 43 cm , 19 x 24 48 x 61 cm. . Don't let a salesperson sell you any fancy or expensive paper its not necessary at this stage of your development Besides you're going to use reams of it just doing the exercises. So get the...

How To Handle the Pencil

What Are Different Grades Pencils

When you starl to draw, hold the pencil two different ways. The first is the way you hold a pencil to write a letter The second is how you normally hold a brush lor oil painting belween the thumb and firsl finger, wilh the pencil under the palm of the hand Notice in the illustration right how the little finger acts as a guide for your hand. It is easier to control the amount of pressure on the pencil when you et the nail of your little finger glide over the paper. In both methods of holding the...

Fundamental Strokes

Fundamental Pencil Drawing Strokes

There are a few basic strokes that will be helpful when drawing on location if you apply them You will discover many more strokes on your own as you practice and sketch. Three pencils, 2H, HB, and 2B, were used here, but do try each exercise with different grade pencils. Keep in mind that strokes of all kinds and combinations should be drawn without trying to create a picture, although some of the exercises may take on the appearance of actual objects see below . Here are some of the many...

Creating Values

Pencil Graded Value Scale

The placemen of values is of prime importance in the composition of a picture. It is possible to create all the values in a drawing by using just one pencil. To do this, you must use a pencil that will make a dark value. Try using a 2B. By varying the pressure on the paper with a 2B pencil, you can render all values between white and black. Another way of creating values is by using different grade pencils for different values. You can make all the values between white and black with seven...

Mixing Colors

Intensity Scale Single Color

Mixing color with colored pencils is a quick, almost instant procedure that requires very little equipment. Artists who work with these pencils often report experiencing an intensity of concentration a total absorption which takes them by surprise. The medium's speed and directness of handling usually spurs these colorists on to further experimentation, which is excellent, since an active pursuit of color often brings fresh and unfamiliar results. This is a good time to think about starting a...

Handling The Pencil

Like the athlete who is ready for the challenge of competition, you are now ready to begin drawing. However, before the athlete starts the game, he must loosen up to ' relieve tension. The same is true for the artist. You must loosen up before you meet the challenge of that white paper. In this section you'll learn how to hold the pencil and how to loosen up. Then you'll discover how to create values, forms, and textures with the pencil and how to smudge