Intersections

The flexile nature of the abdomen is also very marked the superior profile drags away from the iliac spine, which has become in this pose a point of suspension instead of being one of support, as it is in the vertical or sitting position. Following this top profile towards the shoulder, we notice how the first dip is succeeded by a new point, or rather surface, of suspension. We have reached the ribs. But the lowest ribs are ' floating and the whole structure of the thorax is flexible,...

Law Of Contrast

Dead thing, and one may almost say that an indispensable quality of a sketch is a vivid presentation of life and momentary vivacity of movement or of effect. But from another and more abstract view-point this cross-hatching of plane and rounded serratus form in the Degas drawing calls for appreciation from me. It is a deliberate plastic setting forth of the eternal laws of action and of reaction, of Zoroastrian balance betwixt the wish of Ahouramazda and that of Angromamyous, that conflict...

DRAWING

Indeed such mastery of varied brush technique allied to, one with, inward intention, as the work of say Mou-hsi (about 1250) or Liang K'ai (first half of thirteenth century) displays, can only result from long meditation aided by an already secular tradition. Would it not be well to quote here, in these early pages, a few of the notes that the son of Kwo Hsi (probably died about 1080) made of the sayings and painting methods of his father. When Kwo Hsi intended to work, his first acts were to...

Arch In Perspective

Estimate the place of l, for example, in its square with quite sufficient accuracy by noting that on the plan (Fig. 31) l is half, or a third, or a quarter of the way across its square, and by placing it similarly in the corresponding perspective square in Fig. 30. The distance of l into the picture, and into its square, is estimated in the same way (though this time the chance of error will be theoretically a little greater, it still may be neglected for our purposes). A little reflection will...

Arm And Torso

At the wrist but at the elbow-joint Fig. 103 is discussed fully in any good artistic anatomy. I need not repeat the discussion here. The musculation of the forearm is exceedingly complex, complicated as it is by the spiral twist normal to the arrangement of the muscles in any other pose than that rather unusual one of complete supination with resulting parallelism of the radius and ulna. As many times as I have learnt the muscular anatomy of the forearm so many times I have forgotten it, and I...

Glyptic And Aglyptic Form

Of traversing this circumferential ordering with radially modelled forms. To engender rhythms in an indirect way, to weave them out of contradictory terms, may very well be said to be the appanage of sculptural rather than painting vision. And I feel almost inclined to lay down the seeming paradox that sculpture is less of an anatomical art than is painting for the main glyptic elements of form are more frequently opposed in direction to the anatomical elements than agreeable to them though, of...

Importance Of Model

What is of consequence to know is, first, that it is a powerful flexor of the thigh secondly that, stretching from the pelvis to the fibula head, it performs the important office with other muscles of solidly joining up the three bony elements of pelvis, thigh, and lower leg. This is a principal fact in the mechanics of the human frame, though even whether the biceps be attached to the head of the fibula or, like the semi-tendinosus, its neighbour, it be attached to the tibia head really does...

Ashanti Stools

Ashanti Plastic

The body only plays the part of support to the symbol of the face, hence of the individual. There is even no thickness to the head. Why should there be The possibility of the future child is quite sufficiently evoked without it.1 One might say that a headless torso study by Rodin is at the aesthetic antipodes from the Ashanti statuette, Rodin being interested above all in reproducing appearances of parts of Nature. This neglect of the imitative side of art renders it particularly difficult for...

Ku Kai Chih

Tion in completed work should exist but be hidden. Michael-Angelo, when he had made his first main drawing, found that the transition from the forearm to the hand by the wrist was too geometrical and violent, so he made a new auxiliary study of the supple rhythmic junction between these two parts of the body. The artists of the Far East have often been accused of ignoring perspective. There is here a misunderstanding, the word perspective is used with a lack of precision. In the adjoining group...

National Mentality

Profile to the supple agencement of Beauvais, where the masses are so cunningly distributed as to banish all sense of repetition from a thing w7hich is, nevertheless, in no way accidental nor unordered in plan. I am quite aware of the literature, concerning daring greatness of arch and immensity of doorway, which has been written about Peterborough. As a rule ideas well-fitted to expression in one Art are ill-fitted to expression in another. Artists seldom realize this. Rodin was continually...

Kakemono And Makimono

Upon, Chinese perspective proceeded from quite another standpoint. It did not pass through the scientific and hypothetical period, it is on the contrary a direct descendant of primitive bas-relief perspective in superposed registers, the method employed in Assyria and to a slightly less degree in Egypt. 'The Battle of Ashur-bani-pal against the Elamites' Nineveh Gallery, British Museum is an example of the primitive solution of the problem of representing several recessional planes on a flat...

Architecture And The Nude

Fairly simple idea of what is happening to the spinal column, just how much lateral deviation it is undergoing, just how much rotation, just how much back-and-forward flexion. It is from such a clearly conceived starting-point that we must build up the arrangement of the other parts of the trunk. If we are drawing a back view and can see the backbone line, so much the better if not, we must imagine it, hold it ever in our mind's eye, and adapt all other rhythms to its primal Fig. 63. Diagram of...

Monocular Vision Assumed

You can hardly see clearly anything else but this small object that everything round it fades off into ever-growing imprecision. If we are really desirous of painting the appearance of things, why is this effect not always reproduced in all pictures In our perspective we assume a motionless monocular view-point, and then deliberately paint, all over the surface of the canvas, detail just as ' finished up ' as though the eye and consequently the point of sight were exactly opposite each point of...

Definition Of Values

Or darkness attached to each tint which makes its lightness or darkness independent to a small extent of the light and shade effect of the picture. Hence, restricted to a definition in a few words like that of the dictionary, I should have written ' Relation of one part of a picture to others, in respect of lightness or darkness of tint.' Then we receive an impression of values from Nature, indeed it Is our chief method of understanding the meaning of the retinal impressions so why speak of '...

What Is A Cmg Drawing

And the diagonal from the left knee to the right foot. The rest is variations played on the main theme, to which we must perhaps add the plane lying on the floor. It should be noticed that the forms of the knees are quite evidently suggested, as is the shape of the upper surface of the right thigh of the model . The different methods of treating drapery artificially at different periods and in different countries are naturally in harmony with the particular aesthetic convention in vogue at the...

Info

The infinite suavity of touch in the Kwan-yin, the faint subtlety of its value organization here become strenuous and apre, thereby instituting a valuable aesthetic contrast between them and the untroubled composure of the arhat nearing Nirvana. It is scarcely to be believed that the brush was handled by the same man, so far is the sturdy, almost brutal brush-work of the arhafs beard and moustache from the Kwan-yin's precision and delicacy. Wild geese, again, will be drawn with surprising...

Perspective And Primitive

The actual existence of sculpture eliminates the difficulty of point of view and of perspective, which we have now come to consider as an inherent necessity of artistic representation in the graphic arts. In the earlier forms of art in Egypt, in Assyria, in China, we have seen that perspective, as we practice it, is not' observed. May this not be less on account of insufficient intelligence on the part of primitive artists, than on account of a lack of desire to reproduce a scene as it appears...

Thigh And Leg Masses

In the trunk the case is the opposite the facts of the front follow as a corollary to those of the back. The joining up of the two systems, that of the back and that of the front, is elegantly effected by the forward-sloping forms of the external and internal obliques and the transversalis and by the special shapes of the gluteus medius and the tensor fasciae femoris, all of which gather round the forward-sloping iliac crest or haunch-bone. The accompanying...

Sacral Triangle

Back view anatomical figure is standing on its left leg the pelvis, which supports the weight of the torso, is in turn only Fig. 51. Diagram of masses Fig. 52. Diagram of masses of Fig. 54. Fig. 51. Diagram of masses Fig. 52. Diagram of masses of Fig. 54. Fig. 53. Diagram of certain constructional facts noticed in Fig. 57. h marks the head of the humerus. Fig. 53. Diagram of certain constructional facts noticed in Fig. 57. h marks the head of the humerus. held up on the left, consequently it...

List Of Illustrations

Perspective Drawing Methods

Puvis de Chavannes portrait, lithograph by Eug ne Carri re. Soci t du Droit d'Auteur aux Artistes Frontispiece 1. Tomb of Puyemr . Gathering and splitting papyrus reeds at Thebes. Brit. Mus. face 18 2. Egyptian head. Example of naturalism . . 20 3. Baigneuse. Detail of 4 Le Bain Turc by Ingres. Photogr. 4. 4 Mountain after a summer shower Kao Jan Hai or Mi Fu 30 5. 4 Pugillatore Museo Nationale Rome. Photogr. Anderson 36 6. Han-Shan and Shih-t , by Liang K'ai . . 38 7. Drawings by...

Drawing And Sculpture

Does not say, as we should expect, that the painter is obliged to understand shapes fully, and consequently as they would appear from all directions, just as the sculptor is, but he seems to take it for granted that the painter must be acquainted in such a perfect way with the form he employs and tells us that the sculptor must be furnished with the same science It is true that in the repetition he rather reverses the order of the statement, nevertheless we are quite justified in noting that...

Ioi

Brought to it not to speak of many other subtle and elusive ones is not yet exhausted and it should be remembered that each new variant that we bring into the calculation increases with amazing, rapidity the variety of the result. One last and very important modification I must mention The employment of intentional unbalance as an aesthetic factor of expression. Just as a musician will use an intentional discord to provoke a certain mind-state in his audience, so a plastic artist may wilfully...