Human Anatomy and Physiology Study Course

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Rembrandts Landscape

Sufficiently adaptable to the apparently less complex human figure did not adapt itself to landscape work. That is the inconvenience of learning how to make a drawing instead of learning how to draw. Some of the most remarkable European landscape-drawings we possess are by a man who is classified as a figure painter. This is annoying. His name is Rembrandt. Had he, being a figure artist, the right to produce remarkable landscapes* I do not venture to decide. My special reason for reproducing...

Posing the Figure

The human figure is an expressive form. Often you can tell what people are thinking by how they stand or hold themselves. When doing figure drawings, you will be confronted with the choice of how to pose your figures. This decision can be critical to the success of the drawing. Look at the difference between the stances shown in Figure 5.1. Can you describe the emotion of each figure The human body has an expressiveness that communicates through an unspoken language often referred to as body...

Ending Note

Exploring dynamic poses for figure reference can be a freeing experience for the artist who has only had sedate figures from which to draw. When you think of all the possibilities available through a tool such as Figure Artist, you will quickly notice that many of the limitations of live models are eliminated or reduced. Figure Artist is not and should not be a replacement for studying the live figure, but it is a great tool for an artist to use in planning, developing, and creating figurative...

Recommended Reading

Bean Cornwell, The Dean of Illustrators The Art of Hellboy or ony of Mike Mignolo's comics George Bridgeman's Complete Guide to Drawing from Life Charles Dana Gi bson's The Gibson Girl and Her America Elliot Goldfinger's Human Anatomy for Artists Joe Weotherly's The Weatherly Guide to Drawing Animals ((S Cartooning the Head and Figure (( S ii

The human figure

Drawing the human figure in colour provides certain obstacles for you to conquer before you become really proficient. One major fact is that coloration of the human body encompasses a wide spectrum. There are few truly strong colours in the human skin range, but a host of very subtle tones. Apart from obvious differences in skin colour between various races, the complexion of each human being reflects any number of hues, according to whether you are looking at that particular individual in the...

The basics

I bet you've tried it already (or you've seen it happen) you wander into an art forum, and announce you would like to learn how to draw. The first advice you usually get is draw a lot, or practice practice practice. And this is exactly what you should be doing. Your drawing skills won't improve just by reading about it. However, drawing the same mistake over and over again is not the most efficient way to improve your skills. The first part of the tutorial will show you some of the basic...

Proportions

Undoubtedly we should not hesitate to falsify a detail in the interest of general balance. But one is at once tempted to ask the question whether the composition that necessitates a serious derogation from natural conditions may not be inferior in quality to one that attains to balance equally well while observing them.1 On the other hand, the field of artistic expression is wide, and it cannot be denied that the distortions of a Matisse or a Van Gogh make statements different from those of the...

Chapter Human anatomy and figure drawing

Table of Contents The body's proportions The chest The back The arms The hand The hips and legs Male and female bodies Poses Exercises Before we start, I'd like to point out that knowledge of human anatomy is not a replacement for studying the body from real life or photos. So keep cranking out those sketches (And hoarding those Victoria's Secret catalogs and similar magazines. Strictly for reference, of course.) But it will help you to recognize the features you are drawing, and it will...

Logic And Rhythm

Should we so anxiously demand resemblance to natural shapes The affair is one of ingrained habit. The more an artist is capable, the more he will attach greater importance to rhythm, of one kind or another, and less importance to ' photographic ' likeness. He will be content with a few amazing brush-marks by Ying Yu-chien. An Assyrian bas-relief (Fig. 41) is the account of the victory of a king. The artist did not wish to give us (it never occurred to him that it might be necessary to give us)...

Drawing So Whats In A Line

Lines that define the shape of the human body are those we most notice. The human body is our yard-stick. To decide how big or far away something is we can have someone stand beside it. We quickly learn to recognize the human form, above all else, as our pre-emminent shape, then we may look for details, male, female, child, adult or aged. We have a great commonality of experience when differentiating the subtleties of the human body, and so it is with drawng. There are many lines or edges in...

Anatomybased skeletal models

Most human figure models use a simplified articulated skeleton consisting of relatively few jointed segments. Magnenat-Thalmann and Thalmann 11 challenged researchers to develop more accurate articulated models for the skeletal support of human figures. They observe that complex motion control algorithms which have been developed for primitive articulated models better suit robotlike characters than they do human figures. To address this issue, researchers have revisited the skeletal layer of...

Completing the Picture

Although this is a book about skies and their importance in landscape painting, they can hardly ever be produced in isolation. You need a foreground, however minimal, to give them impact and scale. As we've said before, there should be a strong unifying link between the two, such as using common colours, vertical elements on the skyline, echoed shapes and in some cases cloud shadow on the ground or water. If you really want to enjoy your sky, then keep the foreground simple. You don't want the...

Geometrical Perspective

Is only acceptable, even to us, within certain narrow limits of application. Though the choice of the distance from which the artist regards his subject, and consequently the distance between the point from which the picture should be looked at and the canvas (which two lengths are the same when reduced to the same scale), must be left to the artist as forming important parts of his personal aesthetic and compositional intentions, still we may say that in ordinary cases it is not possible...

Wheres the Beef Where the Ice Cream Goes

Fat deposits are shapes to contend with when drawing the figure. Muscle development varies from person to person of either gender, but male musculature is generally heavier than the female. Fat distribution is different, too. Men carry weight at the middle, on the upper back, and lower back. Women tend to carry weight on their buttocks, abdomen, thighs, breasts, and the backs of the upper arms. While today's culture doesn't always consider this attractive, it's a natural part of human anatomy....

Solate Parts of the Whole

Just as a musician may practice a portion of a melody and a dancer may practice the same movement over and over, an artist often breaks up a subject such as a human figure and draws just the hands, feet or facial expression. Isolating and studying shapes is very important. I don't know how many times I've looked at a drawing or painting that was well shaded and fairly well proportioned, but the trees were badly rendered on a landscape, the eyes were incorrectly drawn on a portrait or the nose...

Your Sketchbook Page

Try your hand at practicing the exercises you've learned in this chapter. The human figure is perhaps the most compelling and challenging of subjects to draw. Gesture and proportion are your first priorities to capture the action and movement of a living being. A working knowledge of anatomy, the skeleton, and muscle groups will help tremendously when you visualize and feel your way into a pose. As you work toward a more finished figure study, gender, fitness, weight, and age all contribute to...

Picture Composition

Female Anatomy Line Drawings

The word 'composition' refers to the way in which the various elements that constitute a picture are placed in relation to one another. The success or failure of a picture usually has more to do with how well it is composed than with how well each individual item within it is drawn. So far I have dealt with the human figure drawn virtually in isolation, with just occasionally a little background to provide setting and atmosphere. But, as we saw on page 92, good pictures don't just happen...

Line Drawing

Most of the earliest forms of drawing known to us in history, like those of the child we were discussing in the last chapter, are largely in the nature of outline drawings. This is a remarkable fact considering the somewhat remote relation lines have to the complete phenomena of vision. Outlines can only be said to exist in appearances as the boundaries of masses. But even here a line seems a poor thing from the visual point of view as the boundaries are not always clearly defined, but are...

Things To Remember

Naked Fairy Pencile Drawing

All colored pencil drawings begin with layering. If you begin with layering, you can always go back and burnish an area if it doesn't turn out the way you want. When practicing burnishing, use pencils with a duller point to balance out the heavy pressure of application. Regardless of the technique you use, the pressure you apply is most important. For shadows, it is always better to mix a color with its complement than to add black. A shade is a darker version of a color. A tint is a lighter...

Study Illustrating Method Of Drawing

Centre line and transverse lines for settling position of salient points. 2nd. Blocking in, as shown in further leg. 3rd. Drawing in the forms and shading, as shown in front leg. 4th. Rubbing with fingers (giving a faint middle tone over the whole), and picking out high lights with bread, as shown on back and arms. A drawing being blocked out in such a state as the further leg and foo9 2)f our demonstration drawing (page 90 Transcribers Note Plate XVIII ), it is...

Joshua Nava Porn

One of the greatest challenges to confront an artist is drawing the human figure. Our bodies are infinitely complex yet intimately familiar, giving rise to a subject that is difficult to depict accurately yet judged incessantly The human figure is almost overwhelmingly complex for the artist to draw The human figure is an organic structure that defies geometric simplification. It is composed of bones, muscles, and organs, all of which are covered by a flexible layer of skin. The body has many...

Final Stage

Www Century Pencil Shading Com

The contrast between the tones hasn't been altered, but transitional tones were added between each plane to further enhance the level of realism in the drawing. More details were added to the deer skull, while ensuring that the overall feeling of form wasn't compromised. The artist also added some shading in various areas on the floor around the objects to suggest cast shadows. Doing this also helped to define the plane of the floor. Still Life from Above, by Dean...

On The Imagination

When you have had some experience in drawing the human figure from life and have assimilated the basic information about the body's structure and operation, the prospect of creating imaginative figure drawings without a model becomes far less daunting. A great amount of information about human anatomy and movement is learned in the process of drawing the posed studio model and from sketching people as they go about their daily lives, but this is not the sole purpose of such exercises. Knowledge...

From Life

Sketches of the family in the garden and watching television. Sketches of the family in the garden and watching television. All this is especially true when your subject is the human figure. Not only will you need to be able to call upon a fund of first-hand information about the body's shape and structure, you must also gain a thorough knowledge of how people stand and sit and move if you are going to be able to draw them convincingly. For this reason you should make constant use of a...

Anatomy Artist Landmarks

Female Anatomy Line Drawings

Architectural mouldings consist of alternate rounds and hollows, of plane or curved surfaces, placed one beneath the other to give various decorative effects by means of light and shade. The human figure, whether standing erect or bent, is composed of a few big, simple masses that in outline are not unlike the astragal, ogee, and apophyge mouldings used in architecture. Looking at the back of the figure, there is the concave sweep of the mass from head to neck, then an outward sweep to the...

Some Helpful Hints

Foreshortening Drawing

Detail is the rendering of the known character and facts of the subject, presented in light and shade at the same angle capturing all the factors correct as they appear on the subject. Apart from the main areas of expression,all relevant changes on the surface area must be captured.For example,if small lines or wrinkles are present on the subject's face,mainly surrounding the eyes,it is the artist's liberty to change or eliminate their presence,without detracting or adding to the character. If...

Lesson I The Dress Form

Fashion Dress Drawing Manga

In taking up this lesson the student must remember that a good form is the foundation for all succeeding lessons. No matter how pretty a dress or design is, if it is placed on a dumpy figure, it will have no style whatever. In this lesson we first learn how to draw a layout for the form, which consists of two ovals, Fig. A, then how to place the form on this layout. In the next lesson we dress the same form in a very simple dress. A form must have good proportion and style. A form leaning...

Find the Gesture of the Pose Quick Sketches

Human Body Positions Drawing

To draw the human figure convincingly, you must be aware of the gesture, or the movement, or position of the body. This gesture gives movement and direction to your drawing, which makes it appear more lifelike. Observing the gesture carefully helps you to understand the placement of the spine, which serves as the center of movement for the whole body. You can also think of this in the opposite way Observe the placement of the spine, and you will understand the gesture. This quick sketch...

Structure And Proportion

Life Figure Model Basics

This chapter deals with those aspects of human anatomy with which you will need to be familiar. You do not need to have a surgeon's knowledge of each individual muscle and internal organ, but you will have to know everything that affects the shape of the body and its surface form. This includes the skeletal structure, the principal muscle groups which hold it erect and activate it, and the distribution of fat deposits under the skin. Should you wish to study the subject further, there are many...

Figure Drawing Without A Model

Figure Drawing Sexual Poses

In this chapter we shall look at a number of drawing exercises devised to help you towards your goal of good imaginative figure drawing from memory. They are aimed at consolidating the information so far presented and building on the familiarity you have gained with the human figure through your frequent use of your sketchbook. Each exercise contributes in a significant way to the development of the drawing skills you will need, and in the process will help you avoid the commoner pitfalls and...

Blocks And Planes

Perfect Proportion

T SOME CLAV AND MOOELTHfe PL amp NB.S SO YO CAN UCMT THEM DIFFERENT WAV3. rwe.N DRAW THEM. EEPER. ACK TO PAG 5 AND 73. THE SIMPLE PORM DEVELOPED TO THE COM PLEV, THROUGH THE USE OP PLANES. THESE AVERAGE PLANES 3MOULO BE LEAR.N ED THEY ARE THE BASIS FOR. klCHTI NO .

Developing the Language of Metaphor

Sexual Metaphor Art

One cannot explore consciousness, or self-awareness, without asking how we arrive at such a state. It is widely believed that the portion of our personality that dictates our thoughts, memories, feelings, impulses, and desires is built upon a sequence of phases. As infants we respond on a pri- mary level of consciousness, which mainly encompasses sensations, instincts, and movement. As adults we become increasingly free to experience memory, language, and symbolization. All told, as humans, we...

Section The Muscles

Cylinder Drawing

Muscles are like rubber bands they can pull but they cannot push. Therefore there must be two sets of muscles for every motion one set to pull out and another to pull back. The two sets are placed more or less opposite to each other and while one pulls the other is relaxed. Likewise, in twisting, there is one set of muscles to twist to the right and another set to twist to the left. The muscles are attached to the bones and operate on the bones, pulling them back and...

Comparative anatomy

List One Hoofed Animals

Drawing animals on location can be more challenging than drawing people on location. The first reason is that it is harder to relate to them. They move faster and obviously in a different manner than us. How different Not os dif ferent as you may think. The way I wos taught to understand animals was to compare them to us, bring them into our world. The first step in accomplishing this is in comparing our anatomies. Once you can relate an animars anatomy to your own, you will understand their...

Drawing the Human Figure

How Draw Military Guns

There is no greater pleasure or challenge in the world of art than to draw the human figure. In this chapter, you will be introduced to various approaches to drawing this very special subject. Set Up the Model Light the Light Reveals the Copy Works of Art in Find Your Guidelines . ' 236 Examples of Foreshortening 240 Find the Gesture of the Pose Quick Sketches 244 Add a Color to Your Paper 248 Gallery . Human Figure Drawing the human figure is an excellent way to improve and expand on your...

Anatomy as Shape

How Draw Human Figures Showing Bicep

Forceful shapes can get more specific. I want to discuss some powerful theories about the anatomy of the body that pertain to force and rhythm as seen by forceful shape. The body, as I said earlier, is built to move. Its musculature is set up in traverse angles from one area in the figure to another. These relationships allow it to perform. If you work out or you are a physical therapist, you know exactly what I am talking about. The biceps are opposite in f unction to the triceps. The biceps...

Section The Simple Proportions Effort

Chinese Paintings Goats

Exercise 26 The Modelled Drawing in Water Color Continued Perhaps you feel that the modelled drawing in water color is the most difficult of the exercises you have taken up thus far and that your grasp of it is the least satisfactory. If you have never used water color before, you may feel that the color runs away from you, that the brush is hard to manage, and that your paper shows only a series of meaningless blobs. In that case, provided your effort is sincere, all you need is more practice....

The bos and bonis of Forceful Shape

Since we hove gone over what kinds of lines create force and form, let's discuss what kinds of shapes do and don't. Notice their similarity to the rules of force from Chapter One. 1. Don't create a shape with parallel lines. Force has no way of moving obliquely through the body. As we will discuss further, human anatomy is not built in a parallel manner. 2. Don't have the same kind of force on either side of the same shape. I call this mirroring. Here the forces crash after doing their...

The human form

Chinese Goddess Costume

Either as costumes or statues, ancient and primitive societies used the human form as a starting point for the depiction of the unimaginable. Their Gods are transformed into variations of the human figure. 7 Chinese carving of a female deity 8 Classical Greek fertility goddess In the mind of a master artist images float to the surface of his consciousness and are captured for eternity in his art. You should never be embarrassed about copying their discoveries for your own use. They, too, have...

Proportions of The Human Figure

Steps Drawing The Human Figure

Measurements of the human figure are divisions of the body into parts of given measurements. There are many conceptions of measuring, scientific and ideal, and they all differ. If given proportions were used, even though these proportions were the ideal average, they would result in a drawing without character. Again, to apply these so-called canons of art, the figure must be on the eye-level, upright and rigid. The least bending of the head or body would change the given proportions visually,...

Female Skoeton Rear View

Rear View Human Skeleton

The normal human skeleton consists of 206 bones, providing a mobile supporting framework for the body and a protective carapace for the vital organs. There are also the sesamoid bones, which are formed in tendons and do not directly connect with the others. These are not counted in the total of 206, and are not germane to our discussion here. The bones are bound to one another by tough, flexible ligaments. At the joints, each articulating bone surface is covered by a thin layer of cartilage,...

Sketching The Figure In Action From Imagination

Drawing Figures Action

And setup the figure in action is not as dl ffi cult as it looks and setup the figure in action is not as dl ffi cult as it looks DRAW SOME OF THESE, BUT DRAW MANY OF YOUR OWN keep your drawing's fr.e b, and sketchy. draw many figures at various eye leve-ls. keep your drawing's fr.e b, and sketchy. draw many figures at various eye leve-ls. a s mpl way of Getting female proport ons-take to knees- to waist, to topof head. 3 fiy X TOP OP HI6A0 THE MAIN DIFFERENCE BETWEEN rHE MALE AND FEMALE...

Supplies

Anime Movement Drawings

I have students in my classes draw on 18 X 24 smooth newsprint. Strathmore and Aquabee both make excellent paper. Students draw with black china marker. I don't want drawing class to be about fancy mediums. Everyone uses the same supplies. So, what is it that creates life Energy Energy with purpose, or force, is what we want to recognize in the world around us. I am going to lead you on a force full journey that will change the way you perceive the world you live in. This new perception will...

The Closed or Descriptive Drawing

Academicism

The finished or descriptive drawing presents the visible reality of the figure in a way that shows off the mastery and ability of the artist. The radicalization of the analytical function magnifies the finished effect of the drawing. The profile of a descriptive figure tends to be linear and closed, leaving 110 space for improvisation and subjectivity it is limited to the re-creation of visual experience. Descriptive drawings display a constant effort to forsake convention and give greater...

Drawa Person DAP Art Assessments

The DAP technique, as devised by Karen Machover, operates by reflecting a person's self-concept. This self-concept is not only projected onto the blank paper but also expressed through the client's verbalizations. As I have noted, Machover designed her technique to be utilized in con junction with a series of carefully designed questions which can be found in her book Personality Projections in the Drawing of the Human Figure . However, for the purposes of this book I have replaced these...

The Lower Limbs

Dressage Horse Face Drawing

Rectus femoris Vastus internus Sartorius Gracilis Semi-tendinosus Semi-membranosus Gastrocnemius Sole us Soleus From upper part of fibula and back of tibia to tendon of Achilles. Action Extends foot and lifts body in walking. Extensor Digitorum Communis extensor longus digitorum pedis From tibia and front of fibula to second and third phalanges of toes. Action Extends toes.

Turning

Anatomical Movement Photos

In a human figure there are the masses of head, chest and pelvis. Each of these has a certain height, breadth and thickness. Considered as blocks, these masses balance, tilt and twist, held together in their different movements by the spinal column. As they twist and turn, the spaces between them become long, short or spiral. We might liken these movements and the spaces between the masses or blocks, to an accordion when it is being played. Here we have an angular, virile, active side, the...

Section Studies of Structure

Anatomy Chart Black And White

Exercise 38 Gesture Studies of Anatomy These are one-minute gesture studies which follow the directions for Exercise 2 with one new element. As you draw, still attempting to draw the whole figure, include some feeling of the movement of the bones within the figure. Record loosely the gesture of the spine, the general basket shape of the ribs, the basin of the pelvis, the ball of the skull, the wedge of the foot. Let the bones and the figure move as one thing. Make a large fifteen-minute contour...

Mechanism Of The

Human Body Arm

The muscles of the human body not only bend the body by muscular force, but also serve as brakes, slowing the reactions. For instance, the biceps and the brachialis anticus muscles are placed in the front of the upper arm and, by their contraction, they bend the elbow. If power ceased altogether, the forearm would drop down. But the opposing muscle slows the otherwise uncontrolled movement after the manner of a brake. This mechanism of slow motion pervades all the limbs and every movement of...

Drawing Male Legs

Muscles Action Poses

This area of the body helps to underline the sexuality of the character, so females need a flaring pelvic girdle and rounded hips leading to long, lithe legs, whereas males require bulging legs rippling with corded muscle. The ribs curve slightly down from either side of the spine, and the muscles essentially follow this downward swoop, especially in the lower back, The outside of the foot curves smoothly toward the little toe, This contrasts with the instep, which is between the slim heel and...

Composition Figure

Triceps Draw

Page numbers in italics refer to the sites of relevant captions abdominal muscles 32, 35 action poses 62-85, 81 age, ageing 51, 66, 113 anatomy 29-51,30-51 apoplectic habitus 114 apple-cheekedness 110 Arabian Nights, The 146, 147 Aristotle 121 arms 31, 38-9 balance 63-7, 67, 70, 74, 77 barrelling 127 Bauhaus School 57 biceps 32, 33,33, 38 biceps femoris 32 Blyton, Enid 147, 147 body language 116-17 body types 114-15 Bodywatching Morris 117 Bolton Standards of Dentofacial Developmental Growth...

Section The Sustained Study

Female Figure Drawings Dancers

In each of the exercises you have taken up we attempted to isolate some important principle in order that you might be able to concentrate on it with all your energy. All of these ideas are a part of drawing it seems to me an essential part and they are eventually to become welded into the one act of drawing. This is the point in your study at which the welding begins. Actually this process of welding has already begun, as you will readily see if you compare your...

How To Draw Heads

Draw Heads

IT IS SUCICeSTEp THAT YOU PKAW YOUR OWN pEET IN MANY PTOSES , SETTING A MIRROR. ON THE. FLOOR. Ai-SO.THACT YOU SET UP SHOES AN 7 pfcAw THEM FROM MANY ANGLES ANF VIEWPOINTS. A typical problem outlined by an art buyer We always need artists who can draw heads well. Good drawings of heads are required in almost all advertising, for illustrations on magazine covers, and litho displays. An acceptable head must be in good drawing, to be sure, but that's only the beginning of its job. If it's a pretty...

MASSES of the Shoulder and ARMS

Drawings Biceps

The masses of the shoulder, arm, forearm and hand do not join directly end to end with each other, but overlap and lie at various angles. They are joined by wedges and wedging movements. Constructing these masses first as blocks, we will have the mass of the shoulder, or deltoid muscle, with its long diameter sloping down and out, beveled off at the end its broad side facing up and out its narrow edge straight forward. This mass lies diagonally across and overlaps the mass of the arm, whose...

The chest

Arm Muscle Names

Bones and muscles of the chest Figure 2.2. Bones and muscles of the chest The function of the collarbone or clavicle is to help keep the shoulder in place. When you roll your shoulders, the collarbones move along. It runs from the top of the ribcage to the shoulder socket. It is almost straight when seen from the front, but from above it follows a slight S-curve. This is a large, flat bone that connects the clavicles and ribs at the front of the body, and serves as the anchor point...

Reversing Positions

Inked Hand Pointing Drawing

You can now do a surprising thing you can develop the drawing of frontal foreshortening just discussed mio its reversed position. First trace or copy closely the outline of the front view as shown al upper left. Note that the forearm now inserts itself into the dorsal side of the hand. This deliberately causes the eye to accept a shift in the spatial field from front to rear. Now dcclively insert the contours of the palm knuckle bulges, In the drawing at right note the accented knuckle forms,...

Francis Marshall

Liife drawing is the acid test of draughtsmanship. The nude figure is one of the most difficult of all subjects to draw and therefore offers the greatest challenge to an artist's skill. Because of this it is used as the basis of teaching at most of the world's principal art schools. Few artists of today have shown themselves more skilled in the representation of elegant womanhood than Francis Marshall, whose drawings of the human figure have established fame in the world of fashion. In this...

The frontal view

Line Drawing Eye

Keeping this book open to the diagram on page 212, sit in front of a mirror with the book, a piece of paper, and a pencil. You are going to observe and diagram the relationships of various parts of your own head, as you go step by step through the exercise. 1. First, draw a blank an oval shape on your paper and draw the central axis dividing the diagram. Then, observe and measure on your own head the eye level line. It will be halfway. On the blank, draw in an eye level line. Be sure to measure...

Standing Pose

Self-conscious girl has the feeling that she never knows what to do with her hands. The unimaginative artist, too, does not know what to do with the hands of his figures. But the girl can put her hands on her hips, finger her beads, fix her hair, pull out her vanity case, apply lipstick, smoke a cigarette. Hands can be most expressive. If you show legs, let them be interesting even in the standing pose. Drop one knee. Raise a heel. Do anything except keep them glued to the floor side by side....

Greek Torso Sculpture

Kneaded Eraser Sculpture

While Dean was in art school, he was fortunate to have several plaster casts to work from. Eventually, he could draw two of them from memory because he had drawn them dozens of times. Both were anatomical casts made by nineteenth-century sculptors One was of the planes of the human head, and the other was a life-sized sculpture depicting the musculature of the human body. The drawings on pages 170-173 are the result of a day that the authors spent in the Antique Sculpture rooms at the...

PLATE Anatomy of the hand

Hand Anatomy Drawing

Nate the strong tendon which attaches to the heel of the hand, and how, on the back of the hand, the tendons are grouped to pull the fingers out. The operation of these tendons is marvelous, for the ' can operate all the fingers together from inside or outside the palm, yet can control each finger separately. The muscles which pull these tendons are located in the forearm. Fortunately for the artist, most of the tendons of the palm are buried deeply and do not show. In babies and young people,...

Spiral Folds

Elbow Fabric Folds

No matter how complicated the fold appears, it can be traced to a few basic principles. These few principles should be catalogued and kept as far apart in the mind as possible. One should be able to draw at all times, any one of these seven distinctive characters without notes or a model. Think of the part they play so that when confronted by the costumed model, you are less liable to get lost in depicting these ever changing folds. The arrangements of curved and diagonal lines fit the rounded...

Distribution of the Masses

It is not granted many of us to remember complex forms. So in considering the human figure it is better, at first, to think only of those major forms of which it is composed, and these may be thought of and more easily remembered by a simple formula such as the following Considering the Wedging and Passing of Forms from the Front of the Figure The square ankle passes into the triangular calf of the leg and this in turn passes into the square knee. The square knee passes into the round thigh and...

Alternative bodies

Human Figure Drawing

Apart from the usual human body plan, you can also borrow some designs from mythology. A well-known example is the centaur. Usually this is a human head and torso with the body of a horse, but we can make any mix of species Another mythical creature is the gryphon, a mix between an eagle and a lion, with some horse ears thrown in for good measure. You're not limited to a lion an an eagle though, any bird and four-legged animal will work One of the problems with dragons and gryphons is how to...

Sketches Of Human Anatomy

Sketch Human Feet Outline

By the aid of shadows is developed the true form of the model and to parts more or less advanced or depressed, are thereby given a location, as decided and certain as if seen in profile. So truly can they be expressed, on a flat surface, that a sculptor can model a bust, from a picture, and the eye may be so completely deceived, by their close representation, as scarcely to distinguish the reality from its counterfeit. It is, therefore, as essentially...

And Synthesis

Human Body

The shape of the human body depends a great deal on its structure, so an artist's knowledge of anatomy is useful though not necessary when he attempts to draw a human figure correctly If you have 110 knowledge of anatomy, observation and synthesis is also a good way. Learning to observe your model is fundamental for understanding how the figure is articulated, and synthesis is essential for summarizing or breaking down a subject to its essential parts, into the elements of the figure that have...

Chibi Style

Chibi Face Shapes

Not all manga characters are drawn with realistic proportions. Another popular style within the manga tradition is the chibi chee-bee . The word itself means small or cute, and that's how these characters look. A chibi is short with a small body and large head. Simplified details and abnormally large eyes enhance their cuteness. Note that the female neck is slender, while the male's is wider almost as wide as the head. The female is, overall, more delicate-looking, and the male musculature...

Cat Girls

Drawn Anime Cat Girl

Drawing a c at girl isv ery common f cr ja panese artists esp ecial fy for the male artists. Probab be cause they look very cute. Drawing a cat girl i s just like drawing any ferna te character with some changes. Bestie having a tail and two large ears, one of the main diff eren ce betvve en a normal fe male characte r an d a c at g irl is t hat t he h ead for th e ca t girl is drawn larger than a normal female. Please follow th e exampl es fo roth er mhor changes

The Mouth

Sketching People Giovanni Civardi

After the eyes the mouth is the second most expressive element of the face. The pinkish colour of the lips is due to the tissue they are made of, transitional between the mucous membrane found inside the mouth and the skin. When drawing the lips make sure that, above all, you carefully draw the line which separates them - ensure that it lies on the semi-cylindrical surface of the jaw bones and follows the rules of perspective I have already mentioned. The simple sketches shown below indicate...

Mk Hand Pottl

Learn these basic hand poses and store them in your arsenal of techniques. Notice how all the joints of the fingers are apparent, even when they aren't bent. Best used by an angry boss threatening to fire a reporter. Note how both the heel of the thumb and part of the palm heel are visible in this pose. This is a standard hand pose, for when you don't need a specific hand gesture. Note how flat the tips of the fingers appear. Use this one for heroes or villains who have been knocked unconscious...

The Shape of the Breasts When Lying Face Up

How Draw Nipple

A little to the outside. by drawing the nipples farther apart, the more unattractively they flatten out when lying in this position. a little to the outside. by drawing the nipples farther apart, the more unattractively they flatten out when lying in this position. Effects You Can Achieve With the Breasts Both the angle and the pose emphasize the breasts. Special attention to the curves brings out the softness and fullness of the breasts Both the angle and the pose emphasize the breasts....

Symmetry

Line Gravity Human Body

I11 a flat representation and in a frontal view, the human body shows a series of visible correspondences and symmetries that give the figure a great sense of compensated equilibrium. For this analysis, the most important line is the one that divides the human figure in two when viewed from the front. To achieve a well-balanced figure, it's important that the position of the legs be convincing and that the feet be firmly supported on the floor. If we take these factors into account in the...

Drawa Person DAP Examples

Draw Person Dap

Those of you who completed the DAP from the introduction will refer to those renderings. Everyone else should use Figure 3.2 which was completed by a healthy female who works in the mental health field see disk to view these figures in color . If you completed your drawings when first reading this book, you may not have any free associations at hand, but with a client these are of the utmost importance. How we approach a new, requested task is central to how we approach anything original and...

Draw a Plaster Cast

How Draw The Human Figure Lighting

The drawing of sculptures and plaster casts is a tried-and-true exercise that has been practiced by artists for centuries. It is the perfect bridge between drawing a still life and a portrait or human figure. The Tradition of Plaster Cast Drawing 168 A Day at the Plaster Cast Drawing in Charcoal 174 Gallery Plaster Cast At the heart of the Renaissance, there was a revival of and fascination with the proportion, form, and beauty of ancient Greco-Roman sculpture. Artists of the time steeped...

Weight and the Modelled Drawing

Cross Contour Art

With the word 'form' bandied back and forth as it is, one would believe that real progress is being made in the effort to understand the nature of form, to realize its significance. However, I have found that most students mistake a certain type of shallow, superficial surface modelling for form. To me weight is the essence of form. And, since the life of a thing is its only real significance, I think of form as the living expression of weight. To make clear what I mean by lack...

Anatomy Of The Hand

Anatomy Hand Cartoon

Many beginning artists try to copy the dramatic hand poses of the pros without first taking a look at the basic construction of the hand. Don't make the mistake of guessing on this important anatomical feature. I can evaluate the caliber of an artist by his or her ability to draw hands and so can everyone else. Each finger has three distinct joints that are marked with creases on both sides of the hand. Even on men's hands, the fingers taper at the ends. Look at the skeletal diagram of the hand...

Example vixen

Stick Figure Gesture Drawing

Let's look at an example that shows some of the key concepts from the tutorial so far. We're going to draw a vixen practicing with swords. I have this cool pose in mind where she's standing on one leg, her body bent to the side. I start with a fast gesture sketch to lay down the lines of action and indicate the most important features. Figure 4.16. Gesture sketch of vixen That looks confusing. But if you look at the stick figure, you can see where this is going Figure 4.17. Simplified and real...

Using a Manikin for the Study of Anatomy

Manikin Models

The best way to study anatomy is to set up a book of anatomical diagrams before you, and set up an art-Store manikin alongside it. Draw tlie action from the manikin and the muscles from the book. You can also make rough sketches of the manikin itself for general bulk and action only, Just copying anatomical diagrams does not seem very helpful to most students. The muscles must somehow be built upon a frame or figure in order to get their proportion and relationship to the figure as a whole. The...

The Posision of the Breasts

Draw Cirlce Around Your Nipple

The impression created varies greatly by how the breasts are positioned. Breasts that are predominant among Westerners The impression created varies greatly by how the breasts are positioned. Breasts that are predominant among Westerners Breasts that are predominant among Asians Breasts that are predominant among Asians Scraping away some of the screentones enhances the appearance of skin. Apply shading with screentones to create a feeling of solidity When the figure is dressed, you can create...

Insan Anatomisi Karakalem

Insan Anatomisi Karakalem

Note how in these drawings you are aware of the construction all around the head. 1 personally try to get the feeling that these are not outlines, but the edges of solid forms that 1 could slide my hand around. Do you feel as if you could pick up these heads with your two hands and that you would find them just as solid in back as in front That is what we arc working for just now. Plate 7 shows the action of the head on its pivot point at the top of the spine and at...

Torso Structure

Symphysis Pubis

Rectus Abdominis From symphysis pubis to cartilages of ribs, from fifth to seventh. Action Flexes thorax. Serratus Magnus From eight upper ribs to scapula spinal edge, under surface. Action Draws shoulder blade forward, raises ribs. External Oblique From eight lower ribs to iliac crest and ligament to pubis. Action Flexes thorax.

Good Understanding Of Anatomyis Essential

Action And Pose Animal Anatomy Sketch

ALL MEASUREMENTS must first be understood to build form in some degree of order and proportion is not easy for all artists to do,but with the use of manikins this task of learning is made much easier. no matter how you progress in developing a style of your own the basic shape should and must be evident at all times to speed your delivery. ON THE HUMAN FORM,there are no placed markings that can be visually read to improve your placement. IDENTIFYING SHAPE,on surface form must be...

Anatomy

Cartoon Bones And Muscles Images

I'm sure your drawing hand is itching to get moving, but before we do any more drawing, let's take some time to look at a few important body parts. You know the ones I mean BONES and MUSCLES Here is just a brief overview of the basics. For a more in-depth study, try looking at an artist's anatomy book. The human body is quite complex, but you can represent parts in less detail, and let the viewer's knowledge of what should be there fill in the rest. Start with the front so everything will be...

Getting Dressed Shoes and Socks

Female Manga Body Standing Straight

When the figure is seated the surface of the bed or cushion conforms to the shape of the buttocks. How the invisible part of the buttocks presses into the mattress or cushion. Slipping into her shoe in a seated position. 3. Getting Dressed In Front of the Mirror Even when the character is _____ __ ___________ simply standing or sitting straight, avoid making the figure completely rigid. Supple figure, standing Rigid figure, standing Supple figure, seated Rigid figure, seated The thigh of a...

Ttjrnino And Twisting

This is a quick and simple way of rendering,pen outline with the side of the pencil lead fo . shading, this was drawn on bain br i doe coqutlle 2 this is a quick and simple way of rendering,pen outline with the side of the pencil lead fo . shading, this was drawn on bain br i doe coqutlle 2

Some Pen Sketches For Foreshortening

Extreme Foreshortening

Planes aee theoretical flattening op rounded forms as well as actual plat areas. in a kit an extreme smoothness and roundness of form 7ends toward the sl ck- and photdi raph lc f it should pe avoideo like the measles, the use of planes gives more of an individual-quality. no two artists will see planes ali ice - squareness'ofroonded form imparts a certain ruggedness and vitality. A GOOD axiom is , se.e. wow square you can make the round. ere 15 a round form set into p1ane3 cxl amp rjea5 of...

Zigzag Folds

Cloth Fold Drawing

As it bends the outer portion becomes rigid, and underneath it becomes more slack. The excess cloth on the inner side buckles into a more or less definite pattern which must be figured out and remembered. The twisting of this fold when bent gives an entirely new design, one which might be called a zigzag pattern. Here the pull is uneven in character. It is quick and jerky. To demonstrate this, take six single sheets of newspaper, roll them into a two-inch...

Characters Expressions by Type Head Simple Type ABoy

Young Boy Expression Manga Sketch

The opposite of the Fleeting Bishounen. He is cheerful, lively, brave and tough. Draw sparkling eyes and a tightly closed mouth to accentuate his boyish youthfulness. The large, round jet-black irises emphasize his positivity and trust in people. Take care to distinguish him from the character on page 54 who is also an Exaggerated type of the Anime genre. This is the simplest character in the book but getting his expression right may be quite difficult. Egg-shaped features. He is still a young...

Case Illustrations

Slash Line Mouth Draw Person

The following profiles illustrate the use of the 8CRT in specific situations. The client is a teenaged male in therapy due to extensive drug use with a series of juvenile arrests and probation violations. His parents are presently separated, but both are appropriately involved in his treatment. Throughout the initial interview, the client presented with an elevated and grandiose mood, an animated affect especially when recalling his probation violations glorification of past substance abuse,...

Orbicularis Oris The Lip Tightener

The orbicularis oris may also contract with the mouth open. Either lip may tighten without the other, as in the speaking mouth A , where only the upper lip is tensed. Another action of orbicularis oris is pursing the lips. This is the work of specialized fibers called incisivis that pull the mouth corners together, shortening the lips and pushing them outward. The lips pushed out from the face create a sharp shadow below A .

Complete Omide

Human Figure Bending

For more than thirty years thousands of art students crowded into George Bridgman's classes at the Art Students' League in New York to learn at first hand the method of drawing from life which was his personal contribution to art education and which in his own lifetime had become famous. Many of the best known names in contemporary painting and sculpture and commercial art were enrolled in those classes. Bridgman's vivid and articulate personality brought lively interest to the study of...

Analyzing the Countermold

Drawing Empty Spaces

The important thing isn't drawing an arm or the position of the legs, but rather taking up the form of these body parts by relating them abstractly to the space that surrounds them, looking for the negative forms, or countermold, of the figure. Therefore, in order to understand the forms of the model we must know how to identify the figure's countermold. We suggest a very simple exercise that consists of representing the human figure in the chosen pose by drawing the different chiaroscuro...

Carbon Pencil As A Tonal Medium Smooth Bristol

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Human Face Sketches

Rendering Human Body Pencil

Now, to show you how to put together everything you've learned so far, the artist draws a front view of a complete head. He starts out with the traditional egg shape and visualizes the neck as a slightly slanted cylinder. For symmetry, he draws a vertical guideline down the center of the egg. Then he adds horizontal guidelines for the brow, eyes. nose, and mouth. He divides the eye line into five different parts two of these parts will become eyes, of course, but the space between them...

Foreshortening and Perspective

Women Anatomy Perspective

THE drawing opposite by Jean-Baptiste Greuze is a good example of fore-shortening and on page 43 I have posed a model somewhat similarly, but in about as difficult a pose as you could imagine. Almost every part of her is foreshortened or distorted in some way. This is done to show you one of those occasions when your brain and your eye have a head-on clash. Your mind, with its knowledge of what happens when the model stands up and the foreshortening disappears, confuses your eye, which is only...

Light and Shade

Light And Shade Anatomy Sketches

Shade with the idea that light and shade are to aid the outline you have drawn in giving the impression of solidity, breadth and depth. Keep before you the conception of a solid body of four sides composed of a few great masses, and avoid all elaborate and unnecessary tones which take away from the thought that the masses or planes on the sides must appear to be on the sides while those on the front must appear to be on the front of the body. No two tones of equal size or intensity should...

Anger The Face Of Rage

In the expression of rage, fierce, glaring eyes are almost always accompanied by a mouth shaped for shouting lips tensed, teeth bared, aw dropped. Even the nose contributes to the angry look. Not only is it distorted into a sneer by the sneering muscle, but its nostrils have flared. B. Orbicularis oculi eyelid portion . C. Levator palpebrae superioris. E Orbicularis oris lip portion only .

Cube Construction

Female Anatomy

When a head is built on a cube there is a sense of mass, a basis of measurement and comparison. The eye has a fixed point upon which to rest. A vertical line divides the head into two parts. These are equal, opposite, and balanced. Each side is an exact duplicate of the other. A horizontal line drawn through the lower eyelids divides the head in half. The lower portion again divided in the middle gives the base of the nose. The mouth is placed two-thirds up from the chin. Built on the form of a...

Disney Animation Pencil Sketches

Pencil Sketches India

Fleeting smile, the raising of a shoulder as the body leaned forward these were the precious elements of life revealed by the camera. But whenever we stayed too close to the photostats, or directly copied even a tiny piece of human action, the results looked very strange. The moves appeared real enough, but the figure lost the illusion of life. There was a certain authority in the movement and a presence that came out of the whole action, but it was impossible to become emotionally involved...

OPEN am Closed Approaches

Sketching Tutorial

The contour of the figure is usually depicted fully in a closed drawing. All of the figure's anatomy, as well as the light that falls on the body, arc clearly defined, leaving little to the imagination of the viewer. Ink produces a uniform, lasting, worn-away line that proves very attractive when making suggestive, rough sketches of open figures. The closed figure is typified by a linear treatment of the figure's outline and a rich interior modeling. It is the closest to a classical or academic...

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